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Agriculture or Industry: Rice or Garments: Ex-post and Ex- Ante Analysis of Pakistan’s falling Competitiveness in Its Main Export Items

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  • Mamoon, Dawood

Abstract

The paper undertakes an evolutionary analysis of Pakistan’s national competitiveness with special reference to exports from 1950-2010. The analysis suggests that post 1980s trade liberalization, some visible improvements can be seen in production efficiencies in Pakistan but they were not translated into improved agriculture or industry competitiveness. The major export items like garments and rice have seen a steady decline in value over the years.

Suggested Citation

  • Mamoon, Dawood, 2017. "Agriculture or Industry: Rice or Garments: Ex-post and Ex- Ante Analysis of Pakistan’s falling Competitiveness in Its Main Export Items," MPRA Paper 81783, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81783
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade; Competitiveness; Agriculture; Industry;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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