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Inter- and Intra-ASEAN Regional Trade


  • Widodo, Tri


Abstract The CEPT scheme for the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is established to promote regional economic growth by accelerating liberalization in intra-ASEAN trade and investment. This paper aims to analyze the major trade trends in the ASEAN region. The inter- and intra-regional trade analyses yield some conclusions. First, there have been changes in the geographic destinations for the ASEAN countries’ exports. Although Japan, the EU and the NAFTA are still dominant trade partners, China (Mainland), Hong Kong and Taiwan have increasingly become important geographic destinations for the ASEAN countries’ exports. Second, the five original ASEAN members have dominated the intra-ASEAN regional trade. Third, there are positive relationships between the size of country and the share of intra-regional trade in the region. Fourth, the intra-ASEAN regional trade has been larger (intense) than expected given the ASEAN’s importance in world trade, except Cambodia. Fifth, Constant Market Share analysis shows that the exports performance of ASEAN countries are mainly determined by the general rise in the world market. The establishment of AFTA, however, could increase competitiveness of ASEAN countries’ export and change the exports destinations for a while.

Suggested Citation

  • Widodo, Tri, 2009. "Inter- and Intra-ASEAN Regional Trade," MPRA Paper 77990, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:77990

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Drysdale, Peter & Garnaut, Ross, 1982. "Trade Intensities and the Analysis of Bilateral Trade Flows in a Many-Country World : A Survey," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 22(2), pages 62-84, February.
    2. Robert J. R. Elliott & Kengo Ikemoto, 2004. "AFTA and the Asian Crisis: Help or Hindrance to ASEAN Intra-Regional Trade?," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 18(1), pages 1-23, March.
    3. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1997. "Regional Trading Blocs in the World Economic System," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 72.
    4. Denise Stanley & Sirima Bunnag, 2001. "A new look at the benefits of diversification: lessons from Central America," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(11), pages 1369-1383.
    5. Jan Fagerberg & Gunnar Sollie, 1987. "The method of constant market shares analysis reconsidered," Working Papers Archives 1987001, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    6. Athukorala, Prema-chandra & Yamashita, Nobuaki, 2006. "Production fragmentation and trade integration: East Asia in a global context," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 233-256, December.
    7. Yeats, Alexander J, 1990. "Do African Countries Pay More for Imports? Yes," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 4(1), pages 1-20, January.
    8. Richardson, J. David, 1971. "Constant-market-shares analysis of export growth," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 227-239, May.
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    More about this item


    Inter- and Intra-regional trade; Trade Intensity; ASEAN.;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation


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