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Food security in India and States: key challenges and policy option


  • pandey, Aviral


Condition of food security in India is gloomy and is similar to African countries. Both the supply side and demand side factors have their roles in the present condition of food security and undernourishment in India. This study supports that if agriculture production grows; increasing food prices has less bearing on low food security. Problem of food security in India is very much related to low demand. If demand of people can be improved, food security can be achieved. Disaggregated trend of food security shows that problem of food insecurity is high in poor states. Considering disaggregated level of food security, government has passed Food Security Bill in India. Our analysis points out that food security cannot be achieved in India without improving the level of overall agriculture production. Improving agricultural production is essential for ensuring long term food security and promoting poverty reduction. State level condition of storage capacity of food grains also points out that how a state like Bihar with low storage facility will manage to implement this Bill. Without identifying role of market, success of Food Security Bill and reduction of poverty is distant dream.

Suggested Citation

  • pandey, Aviral, 2015. "Food security in India and States: key challenges and policy option," MPRA Paper 64237, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Apr 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:64237

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Renuka Mahadevan & Sandy Suardi, 2014. "Regional Differences Pose Challenges for Food Security Policy: A Case Study of India," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(8), pages 1319-1336, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mamoon, Dawood & Ijaz, Kinza, 2017. "How Climate Change and Agriculture Fares with Food Security in Pakistan?," MPRA Paper 81346, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Agriculture production; Food Security; Food Security Index; Bihar; Poverty.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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