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Food security: status and concerns of India


  • Kumar, Rajesh
  • Bagaria, Nidhi
  • Santra, Swarup


At one hand, various factors like food production, rising food prices, poverty, unemployment, climate changes, efficient public distribution of food, affecting the food security are the major concerns at domestic front, passing of ambitious Food Security Bill in Sep, 2013 by UPA government in India to provide the basic food staples at highly subsidized prices aimed at ensuring the economic access to food for around two-third of its population coupled with India’s obligations of agriculture trade liberalization as a WTO member, exposes how liberalization of agriculture trade can affect India’s food security on the other. Out of 842 million, 214 million people are suffered from chronic hunger in India which is around 17percent of its total population and one fourth of total chronically hunger in the world (FAO, 2013). Almost half of children under age five years (48 percent) are chronically malnourished and one out of every five children in India under age five years is acutely malnourished i.e. wasted (NFHS-3, 2005-06). Among all this, income growth, poverty reduction from 45.3% in 1993-94 to 21.9% in 2011-12, food self-sufficiency and various government schemes to augment employment, health and nutritional status of the population over the years are the noticeable steps taken by GOI in the food security domain. Present paper focuses on status of food security based on its various dimensions such as food availability, access, utilization and stability and associated concerns that India has especially in the post reform period. It is found that though India has been among the fastest developing economy, the pace of reduction of hunger and undernourishment has remained sluggish and well below the developed countries (2 percent hunger and undernourished population). There are challenges at domestic and international level which require more effort on development of agriculture infrastructure, fiscal consolidation, efficient public distribution of food and effective bargaining at international trade forums to secure long term benefits for food security.

Suggested Citation

  • Kumar, Rajesh & Bagaria, Nidhi & Santra, Swarup, 2014. "Food security: status and concerns of India," MPRA Paper 53286, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:53286

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    Cited by:

    1. Kozicka, Marta & Kalkuhl, Matthias & Saini, Shweta & Brockhaus, Jan, 2014. "Modeling Indian Wheat and Rice Sector Policies," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 169808, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

    More about this item


    RDA(Recommended Dietery Allowance); PFA(Primary Food Articles); TPDS(Targetted Public Distribution System); GFD(Gross Fiscal Deficit); NFHS(National Family Health Survey); FRBM(Fiscal Responsibilities and Budget Management); MGNREGA(Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Gaurantee Act); CPI-AL (Consumer Price Index for Agriculture Labour); CPI-UNME(Conumer Price Index for Urban Non-Manual Employees);

    JEL classification:

    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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