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A model for economic planning and analysis for the brazilian economy

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  • Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins

Abstract

In this work a general purpose multisectoral economy-wide model, solved for growth rates, is constructed for the Brazilian economy. In constructing the Brazilian model, the ORANI model for the Australian Economy was chosen as the starting point and was modified in a way that it can reflect and can be used to study the Brazilian reality.The main differences between both models are that in the Brazilian model: a)A special treatment is giving to the government sector; b)The demand for household consumption is broken down by different income groups, and an equation linking the workers income with their expenditure is introduced; allowing in this way for the study of income distribution problems; c) An industry by industry framework is used, opposing to an industry by commodity framework used in the ORANI model; d) Prices are assumed to be formed through a mark-up price theory, while the ORANI model assumes that prices are formed by maximizing profits. The Brazilian model is constructed for: a) 21 industries; b) 3 types of primary factors (3 categories of labor, fixed capital, and agricultural land); c) one type of other costs; d) 2 sources of products (domestic and imported); e) 6 types of product use (inputs to current production, inputs to capital formation, commodity flows to household consumption, exports, government demands, and other demands); and f) 3 income groups. The model also presents a detailed specification for trade margins and taxes. The basic input-output data used in the model refers to the 1975 input-output matrices for the Brazilian economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 1986. "A model for economic planning and analysis for the brazilian economy," MPRA Paper 53944, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:53944
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/53944/1/MPRA_paper_53944.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:sbe:breart:v:4:y:1984:i:1:a:3145 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cooper, Russel J & McLaren, Keith R, 1983. "The ORANI-MACRO Interface: An Illustrative Exposition," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 59(165), pages 166-179, June.
    3. Shoven, John B & Whalley, John, 1984. "Applied General-Equilibrium Models of Taxation and International Trade: An Introduction and Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 1007-1051, September.
    4. Taylor, Lance & Lysy, Frank J., 1979. "Vanishing income redistributions : Keynesian clues about model surprises in the short run," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 11-29, February.
    5. Manne, Alan S., 1974. "Multi-sector models for development planning : A survey," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 43-69, April.
    6. Cronin, M R, 1985. "The Orani Model in Short Run Mode: Theory versus Observation," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(44), pages 24-36, June.
    7. Hanoch, Giora, 1971. "CRESH Production Functions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(5), pages 695-712, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2011. "Análise de Insumo-Produto: Teoria e Fundamentos
      [Input-Output Analysis: Theory and Foundations]
      ," MPRA Paper 32566, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 1995. "PAPA: An economy-wide general purpose computable general equilibrium model for the Brazilian economy," MPRA Paper 54755, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Hewings, Geoffrey J. D. & Fonseca, Manuel & Guilhoto, Joaquim & Sonis, Michael, 1989. "Key sectors and structural change in the Brazilian economy: A comparison of alternative approaches and their policy implications," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 67-90.
    4. Eduardo Haddad & Geoffrey J.D. Hewings, 1998. "Transportation costs, regional inequality and structural changes in the Brazilian economy: An interregional CGE approach," ERSA conference papers ersa98p426, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic planning; brazilian economy;

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis

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