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Is the Government Deficit in India Still Relevant for Stabilisation?

Author

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  • Khundrakpam, Jeevan K.
  • Goyal, Rajan

Abstract

This paper employing bounds test to cointegration analysis (Pesaran et al, 2001) revisited the linkages between real output, price and money and studied the impact of government deficit on money in India for the period 1951-52 to 2006-07. It finds that money and real output cause price both in the short as well as in the long run while money is neutral to output. Further, evidence shows that government deficit leads to incremental reserve money creation even though the Reserve Bank financing of Government deficit almost ceased to exist during most part of the current decade. It argues that Government deficit by influencing the level of sterilisation impacts the accretion of net foreign assets to RBI balance sheet and, therefore, continues to be a key factor causing incremental reserve money creation and overall expansion in money supply. Given the finding that money leads to inflation, government deficit, therefore, remains relevant for stabilisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Khundrakpam, Jeevan K. & Goyal, Rajan, 2009. "Is the Government Deficit in India Still Relevant for Stabilisation?," MPRA Paper 50905, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50905
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/50905/1/MPRA_paper_50905.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Moosa, Imad A., 1997. "Testing the long-run neutrality of money in a developing economy: the case of India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 139-155, June.
    2. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
    3. Kremers, Jeroen J M & Ericsson, Neil R & Dolado, Juan J, 1992. "The Power of Cointegration Tests," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(3), pages 325-348, August.
    4. Gregory, Allan W. & Hansen, Bruce E., 1996. "Residual-based tests for cointegration in models with regime shifts," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 99-126, January.
    5. Zivot, Eric & Andrews, Donald W K, 2002. "Further Evidence on the Great Crash, the Oil-Price Shock, and the Unit-Root Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 25-44, January.
    6. Bijan B. Aghevli & Mohsin S. Khan, 1978. "Government Deficits and the Inflationary Process in Developing Countries (Déficits publics et processus inflationniste dans les pays en développement) (Los déficit públicos y el proceso inflaciona," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 25(3), pages 383-416, September.
    7. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
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    Cited by:

    1. Inder Sekhar Yadav & M.A. Lagesh, 2011. " Macroeconomic Relationship in India: ARDL Evidence on Cointegration and Causality," Journal of Quantitative Economics, The Indian Econometric Society, vol. 9(1), pages 156-168.
    2. Khundrakpam, Jeevan Kumar & Pattanaik, Sitikantha, 2010. "Global Crisis, Fiscal Response and Medium-term Risks to Inflation in India," MPRA Paper 50907, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deficit; Money; Real Output; Price; ARDL;

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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