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Factors Influencing the State-Level Settlement Pattern of the Undocumented Immigrant Population in the United States

Author

Listed:
  • Cebula, Richard
  • Duquette, Christopher
  • Mixon, Franklin

Abstract

This study empirically attempts to identify key factors determining the settlement patterns of undocumented immigrants within the United States. The estimations imply that undocumented immigrants appear to settle in states that border the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, or the Gulf of Mexico, and states where median family income is higher, average January temperatures are higher, the percent of the state population that is Hispanic is higher, and where economic freedom is higher. On the other hand, undocumented immigrants are less likely to settle in states with a higher cost of living.

Suggested Citation

  • Cebula, Richard & Duquette, Christopher & Mixon, Franklin, 2013. "Factors Influencing the State-Level Settlement Pattern of the Undocumented Immigrant Population in the United States," MPRA Paper 49442, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Apr 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49442
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/49442/1/MPRA_paper_49442.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Betts, Julian R. & Fairlie, Robert W., 2003. "Does immigration induce 'native flight' from public schools into private schools?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(5-6), pages 987-1012, May.
    2. Cebula, Richard J. & Alexander, Gigi M., 2006. "Determinants of Net Interstate Migration, 2000-2004," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 36(2).
    3. Conway, Karen Smith & Houtenville, Andrew J., 2001. "Elderly Migration and State Fiscal Policy: Evidence from the 1990 Census Migration Flows," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 54(n. 1), pages 103-24, March.
    4. Karen Smith Conway & Andrew J. Houtenville, 2003. "Out with the Old, In with the Old: A Closer Look at Younger Versus Older Elderly Migration," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 84(2), pages 309-328.
    5. Gordon H. Hanson, 2006. "Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 44(4), pages 869-924, December.
    6. Mark Gradstein & Moshe Justman, 2002. "Education, Social Cohesion, and Economic Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(4), pages 1192-1204, September.
    7. Cebula, Richard & Kohn, Robert & Vedder, Richard, 1972. "Some Determinants of Interstate Migration of Blacks, 1965-1970," MPRA Paper 50065, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Conway, Karen Smith & Houtenville, Andrew J., 2001. "Elderly Migration and State Fiscal Policy: Evidence From the 1990 Census Migration Flows," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 54(1), pages 103-124, March.
    9. Gradstein, Mark & Justman, Moshe, 2000. "Human capital, social capital, and public schooling," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(4-6), pages 879-890, May.
    10. Richard J. Cebula & J.R. Clark, 2011. "Migration, Economic Freedom, and Personal Freedom: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Private Enterprise, The Association of Private Enterprise Education, vol. 27(Fall 2011), pages 43-62.
    11. Astghik Mavisakalyan, 2011. "Immigration, Public Education Spending, and Private Schooling," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 397-423, October.
    12. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    13. Borjas, George J, 1999. "Immigration and Welfare Magnets," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages 607-637, October.
    14. Lewis R. Gale & Will Carrington Heath, 2000. "Elderly Internal Migration in the United States Revisited," Public Finance Review, , vol. 28(2), pages 153-170, March.
    15. Christer Gerdes, 2013. "Does immigration induce “native flight” from public schools?," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 50(2), pages 645-666, April.
    16. Conway, Karen Smith & Houtenville, Andrew J, 1998. "Do the Elderly "Vote with Their Feet"?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 97(4), pages 663-685, December.
    17. Cebula, Richard, 1978. "The Determinants of Human Migration," MPRA Paper 58401, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nair-Reichert, Usha, 2014. "Location Decisions of Undocumented Migrants in the United States," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 44(2).
    2. Usha Nair-Reichert & Richard Cebula, 2015. "Access to Higher Public Education and Location Choices of Undocumented Migrants: An Exploratory Analysis," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 21(2), pages 189-199, May.
    3. Cebula, Richard & Nair-Reichert, Usha, 2014. "Access to Higher Public Education and Locational Choices of Undocumented Migrants," MPRA Paper 57277, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:kap:iaecre:v:21:y:2015:i:3:p:335-345 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Richard J. Cebula, 2016. "Give me sanctuary! The impact of personal freedom afforded by sanctuary cities on the 2010 undocumented immigrant settlement pattern within the U.S., 2SLS estimates," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 40(4), pages 792-802, October.
    6. repec:kap:iaecre:v:21:y:2015:i:2:p:189-199 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Richard Cebula & Usha Nair-Reichert, 2015. "Erratum to: Access to Higher Public Education and Location Choices of Undocumented Migrants: An Exploratory Analysis," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 21(3), pages 335-345, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    undocumented immigrants; state-level settlement patterns; economic factors; non-economic factors;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J69 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Other

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