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Wages and employment in non-farm agricultural activities: a livelihood strategy in Nicaragua

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  • Zuniga Gonzalez, Carlos Alberto
  • Jaramillo Villanueva, José Luis

Abstract

This article analyzes the indexes for nonfarm agricultural activities, which combine agricultural activities with both employment and wage. They were made with panel data of Living Measurement Standard Survey (1993, 1998, 2001 and 2005) and they were processed with econometric model as parametric technique (Binary dependent variable model). The indexes trend was explained by a combining between nonfarm and farming agricultural activities. In summary, as soon as the economic public policy makers apply preventive measure in the labour market, while the indexes for nonfarm agricultural activities are growing up. In fact, the small farmers use the first, second and third nonfarm employ as livelihood strategy for reducing the restrictive public policy. (Unemployment).

Suggested Citation

  • Zuniga Gonzalez, Carlos Alberto & Jaramillo Villanueva, José Luis, 2008. "Wages and employment in non-farm agricultural activities: a livelihood strategy in Nicaragua," MPRA Paper 49354, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 Feb 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49354
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/49354/1/MPRA_paper_49354.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sarris, Alexander H & Doucha, Tomas & Mathijs, Erik, 1999. "Agricultural Restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe: Implications for Competitiveness and Rural Development," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 26(3), pages 305-329, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Nonfarm agricultural activities; Parametric Technique; Unemployment; livelihood strategy.;

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration
    • M11 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Production Management

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