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Symmetric Jackknife Instrumental Variable Estimation

Author

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  • Bekker, Paul A.
  • Crudu, Federico

Abstract

This paper gives a new jackknife estimator for instrumental variable inference with unknown heteroskedasticity. The estimator is derived by using a method of moments approach similar to the one that produces LIML in case of homoskedasticity. The estimator is symmetric in the endogenous variables including the dependent variable. Many instruments and many weak instruments asymptotic distributions are derived using high-level assumptions that allow for the simultaneous presence of weak and strong instruments for different explanatory variables. Standard errors are formulated compactly. We review briefly known estimators and show in particular that the symmetric jackknife estimator performs well when compared to the HLIM and HFUL estimators of Hausman et al. (2011) in Monte Carlo experiments.

Suggested Citation

  • Bekker, Paul A. & Crudu, Federico, 2012. "Symmetric Jackknife Instrumental Variable Estimation," MPRA Paper 37853, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37853
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/37853/1/MPRA_paper_37853.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. James G. MacKinnon & Russell Davidson, 2006. "The case against JIVE," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(6), pages 827-833.
    2. Chirok Han & Peter C. B. Phillips, 2006. "GMM with Many Moment Conditions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(1), pages 147-192, January.
    3. Blomquist, Soren & Dahlberg, Matz, 1999. "Small Sample Properties of LIML and Jackknife IV Estimators: Experiments with Weak Instruments," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 69-88, Jan.-Feb..
    4. Hahn, Jinyong, 2002. "Optimal Inference With Many Instruments," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(1), pages 140-168, February.
    5. Whitney K. Newey & Frank Windmeijer, 2009. "Generalized Method of Moments With Many Weak Moment Conditions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(3), pages 687-719, May.
    6. Daniel A. Ackerberg & Paul J. Devereux, 2009. "Improved JIVE Estimators for Overidentified Linear Models with and without Heteroskedasticity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(2), pages 351-362, May.
    7. Bekker, Paul A, 1994. "Alternative Approximations to the Distributions of Instrumental Variable Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(3), pages 657-681, May.
    8. Jerry A. Hausman & Whitney K. Newey & Tiemen Woutersen & John C. Chao & Norman R. Swanson, 2012. "Instrumental variable estimation with heteroskedasticity and many instruments," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 3(2), pages 211-255, July.
    9. Andrews, Donald W.K. & Stock, James H., 2007. "Testing with many weak instruments," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 138(1), pages 24-46, May.
    10. Jinyong Hahn & Jerry Hausman & Guido Kuersteiner, 2004. "Estimation with weak instruments: Accuracy of higher-order bias and MSE approximations," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 7(1), pages 272-306, June.
    11. Donald, Stephen G. & Newey, Whitney K., 2000. "A jackknife interpretation of the continuous updating estimator," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 67(3), pages 239-243, June.
    12. Phillips, Garry D A & Hale, C, 1977. "The Bias of Instrumental Variable Estimators of Simultaneous Equation Systems," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 18(1), pages 219-228, February.
    13. Jinyong Hahn & Atsushi Inoue, 2002. "A Monte Carlo Comparison Of Various Asymptotic Approximations To The Distribution Of Instrumental Variables Estimators," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(3), pages 309-336.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Instrumental Variables; Heteroskedasticity; many Instruments; Jackknife;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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