IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/22213.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Negative selectivity of Europe’s guest-worker immigration?

Author

Listed:
  • Dronkers, Jaap
  • Heus, Manon de

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to empirically test the negative selectivity hypothesis as an explanation of the lower educational achievements of Turkish immigrant pupils. We do this by comparing educational achievement Turkish immigrant pupils in various European countries with the educational achievement of Turks at home, using the PISA 2006 data. Our analysis supports the thesis that the Turkish immigrants were negatively selected from their native population. The average score of Turkish immigrant pupils is substantially lower than the science score of comparable native pupils in Turkey. However, the result also show that the negative selectivity of Turkish immigrants can not by explained by the ‘guest-workers’ programs, because the largest negative science scores relative to the scores of the native pupils in the country of origin are found among the Italian first and second generation pupils, the Austrian first generation pupils, the French first generation immigrant pupils, and the German second generation pupils. A possible explanation is that all immigrants in Europe have more difficulties in establishing themselves and their children in comparison with immigrants in the traditional immigration countries, like the USA.

Suggested Citation

  • Dronkers, Jaap & Heus, Manon de, 2009. "Negative selectivity of Europe’s guest-worker immigration?," MPRA Paper 22213, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22213
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/22213/1/MPRA_paper_22213.pdf
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Levels, Mark & Dronkers, Jaap Dronkers & Kraaykamp, Gerbert, 2006. "Educational Achievement of Immigrant Children in Western Countries: Origin, Destination, and Community Effects on Mathematical Performance," MPRA Paper 21653, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. George J. Borjas, 1991. "Immigration and Self-Selection," NBER Chapters,in: Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market, pages 29-76 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. N/A, 2007. "At a Glance," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 200(1), pages 2-3, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Facundo Albornoz & Antonio Cabrales & Esther Hauk, 2011. "Immigration and the School System," Working Papers 590, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    2. Jaap Dronkers & Rolf van der Velden, 2012. "Positive but also negative effects of ethnic diversity in schools on educational performance? An empirical test using PISA data," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1211, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    3. Dronkers, Jaap, 2010. "Positive but also negative effects of ethnic diversity in schools on educational performance? An empirical test using cross-national PISA data," MPRA Paper 25598, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Dronkers, Jaap, 2010. "Positieve maar ook negatieve effecten van etnische diversiteit in scholen op onderwijsprestaties? Een empirische toets met internationale PISA-data
      [Positive but also negative effects of ethnic div
      ," MPRA Paper 23824, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Dronkers, Jaap & van der Velden, Rolf & Dunne, Allison, 2011. "Why are migrant students better off in certain types of educational systems or schools than in others?," MPRA Paper 37261, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. World Bank, 2012. "Gaining from Migration : Trends and Policy Lessons in the Greater Mekong Sub-region," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13248, The World Bank.
    7. Jaap Dronkers & Manon de Heus, 2012. "Immigrants' Children Scientific Performance in a Double Comparative Design: The Influence of Origin, Destination, and Community," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1213, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    8. Dronkers Jaap & Velden Rolf van der & Dunne Allison, 2011. "The effects of educational systems, school-composition, track-level, parental background and immigrants’ origins on the achievement of 15-years old native and immigrant students. A reanalysis of PIS," ROA Research Memorandum 006, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
    9. Carolina V. Zuccotti & Harry Ganzeboom & Ayse Guveli, 2014. "Was migrating beneficial? Comparing social mobility of Turks in Western Europe to Turks in Turkey and Western European natives," DoQSS Working Papers 14-06, Department of Quantitative Social Science - UCL Institute of Education, University College London.
    10. Christian Dustmann & Tommaso Frattini & Gianandrea Lanzara, 2012. "Educational achievement of second‐generation immigrants: an international comparison," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 27(69), pages 143-185, January.
    11. Jaap Dronkers & Rolf van der Velden & Allison Dunne, 2012. "Why are migrant students better off in certain types of educational systems or schools than in others? On the effects of educational systems, school composition, track level, parental background, and ," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1215, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    immigration; educational performance; selectivity of immigration; guest-workers;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22213. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vfmunde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.