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Globalisation, European Integration and Social Protection – Patterns of Change or Continuity?

Author

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  • Van Vliet, Olaf
  • Kaeding, Michael

Abstract

The adoption of a new instrument of governance in the EU – the open-method-of-coordination - has renewed the notion of convergence/divergence across EU member states. This paper examines the role of European integration in shaping and changing social welfare systems and investigates whether these patterns of change or continuity follow welfare state regime typologies. Embedded in the Europeanisation, convergence and welfare state regime literature, we rely on recent 2007 OECD social expenditure data. Controlled for cyclical and demographic effects this study shows that since 1991 social expenditures of EU member states have converged and increased on average, whereas non - EU member states have diverged. To examine whether these trends can be explained by changes in welfare regimes dendograms offer a useful means. Although we find a link between the type of regime and the long-term type trajectory more generally, these regime patterns appear to be in flow. This study finds in particular some empirical evidence for the loss in momentum of the Scandinavian regime pattern.

Suggested Citation

  • Van Vliet, Olaf & Kaeding, Michael, 2007. "Globalisation, European Integration and Social Protection – Patterns of Change or Continuity?," MPRA Paper 20808, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20808
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20808/1/MPRA_paper_20808.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Koen Caminada & Kees Goudswaard & Olaf Van Vliet, 2010. "Patterns of Welfare State Indicators in the EU: Is there Convergence?," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48, pages 529-556, June.
    2. Caminada, Koen & Goudswaard, Kees & Koster, Ferry, 2010. "Social income transfers and poverty alleviation in OECD countries," MPRA Paper 20733, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Ileana TACHE & Vlad Dumitrache, 2012. "New Welfare Regimes In Eastern Europe: The Cases Of Romania And Bulgaria," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 10, pages 59-84, December.
    4. Kristina Petrova, 2016. "Stability and Growth Pact Reform and Public Expenditure Structure in the European Union Member States," Economic Alternatives, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 1, pages 33-47, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    social expenditures; convergence; Europeanisation; welfare state regimes; cluster analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

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