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Le modèle social européen et l'Europe sociale

Author

Listed:
  • Catherine Mathieu
  • Henri Sterdyniak

Abstract

There is a broad consensus in Europe that there is a specific European Social Model (ESM) that should be preserved. However this notion remains ambiguous. In recent years, economic performances have been better in liberal and Scandinavian countries than in continental and Mediterranean countries. Should EU countries move towards liberal or Scandinavian models? Can the ESM survive in a global world? Three views are highlighted: preserving the ESM with high social cohesion, low inequalities and social welfare; making work pay, which should initially increase inequalities but could rise output and ensure the system financial stability; introducing a new architecture for welfare states inspired by increasing the role of social protection as a production factor. The need of a Social Europe and the respective roles of national and European institutions in the evolution of the ESM (or ESMs) are discussed. JEL classification: H50, I30.

Suggested Citation

  • Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2008. "Le modèle social européen et l'Europe sociale," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 43-103.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_104_0043
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Contre l'individualisation des droits sociaux," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 90(3), pages 419-460.
    2. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/8811 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2000. "L'avenir de l'Europe : l'ambition d'un autre contrat social," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 75(1), pages 165-182.
    4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5272 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Scharpf, Fritz W., 2002. "The European Social Model: Coping with the challenges of diversity," MPIfG Working Paper 02/8, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    6. André Sapir, 2006. "Globalization and the Reform of European Social Models," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 369-390, June.
    7. Tito Boeri & Simona Baldi, 2005. "Europe(s) sociales, convergence et compétition," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 115(6), pages 705-719.
    8. Christine Erhel & Lou Mandin & Bruno Palier, 2005. "The Leverage Effect: the Open Method of Coordination in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00271978, HAL.
    9. Maria Jepsen & Amparo Serrano Pascual, 2005. "The European social model: An exercise in deconstruction," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/166129, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    10. Algan, Yann & Cahuc, Pierre, 2005. "Civic attitudes and the Design of Labor Market Institutions? Which Countries can Implement the Danish Flexicurity Model?," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 0517, CEPREMAP.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    European Social Model; social cohesion; inequalities; social protection;

    JEL classification:

    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General

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