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Le modèle social européen et l'Europe sociale

  • Catherine Mathieu
  • Henri Sterdyniak

There is a broad consensus in Europe that there is a specific European Social Model (ESM) that should be preserved. However this notion remains ambiguous. In recent years, economic performances have been better in liberal and Scandinavian countries than in continental and Mediterranean countries. Should EU countries move towards liberal or Scandinavian models? Can the ESM survive in a global world? Three views are highlighted: preserving the ESM with high social cohesion, low inequalities and social welfare; making work pay, which should initially increase inequalities but could rise output and ensure the system financial stability; introducing a new architecture for welfare states inspired by increasing the role of social protection as a production factor. The need of a Social Europe and the respective roles of national and European institutions in the evolution of the ESM (or ESMs) are discussed. JEL classification: H50, I30.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 104 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 43-103

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_104_0043
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  1. Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Contre l'individualisation des droits sociaux," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 90(3), pages 419-460.
  2. Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2000. "L'avenir de l'Europe : l'ambition d'un autre contrat social," Post-Print hal-01011363, HAL.
  3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/8811 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Yann Algan & Pierre Cahuc, 2006. "Civic Attitudes and the Design of Labour Market Institutions: Which Countries Can Implement the Danish Flexicurity Model?," Sciences Po publications 5489, Sciences Po.
  5. Maria Jepsen & Amparo A. Serrano Pascual, 2005. "The European social model: An exercise in deconstruction," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/166129, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  6. Tito Boeri & Simona Baldi, 2005. "Europe(s) sociales, convergence et compétition," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 115(6), pages 705-719.
  7. André Sapir, 2006. "Globalisation and the reform of European social models," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8112, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  8. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5272 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Christine Erhel & Lou Mandin & Bruno Palier, 2005. "The Leverage Effect: the Open Method of Coordination in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00271978, HAL.
  10. Scharpf, Fritz W., 2002. "The European Social Model: Coping with the challenges of diversity," MPIfG Working Paper 02/8, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
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