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A Bayesian analysis of government expenditure in Nigeria

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  • Olayeni, Olaolu Richard

Abstract

This paper examines the productivity of government expenditure. It adopts a Barro-type production function to chart out a growth model that accounts for the productivity of government spending and also adopts Wagner’s hypothesis to account for endogeneity resulting from fiscal expansion. The model is estimated via the Bayesian technique using the data on Nigeria. The result shows that government expenditure was unproductive in Nigeria and that this conclusion is independent of the macroeconomic environment. Neither is it dependent on the external circumstances. The paper concludes that there is need for urgent budgetary evaluation and close monitoring of the government budget in Nigeria.

Suggested Citation

  • Olayeni, Olaolu Richard, 2009. "A Bayesian analysis of government expenditure in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 18244, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:18244
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18244/1/MPRA_paper_18244.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sugata Ghosh & Andros Gregoriou, 2008. "The composition of government spending and growth: is current or capital spending better?," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(3), pages 484-516, July.
    2. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    3. Easterly, William & Rebelo, Sergio, 1993. "Fiscal policy and economic growth: An empirical investigation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 417-458, December.
    4. António Afonso & Juan Alegre, 2011. "Economic growth and budgetary components: a panel assessment for the EU," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 703-723, December.
    5. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-I-Martin, 1992. "Public Finance in Models of Economic Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 59(4), pages 645-661.
    6. Bauwens, Luc & Lubrano, Michel & Richard, Jean-Francois, 2000. "Bayesian Inference in Dynamic Econometric Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198773139.
    7. Kormendi, Roger C. & Meguire, Philip G., 1985. "Macroeconomic determinants of growth: Cross-country evidence," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 141-163, September.
    8. Schaltegger, Christoph A. & Torgler, Benno, 2007. "Government accountability and fiscal discipline: A panel analysis using Swiss data," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1-2), pages 117-140, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bayesian analysis; Government expenditure; Wagner’s hypothesis; Nigeria;

    JEL classification:

    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General

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