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Gender, pay and development: a cross-country analysis

Author

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  • Datta Gupta, Nabanita

Abstract

This paper analyses the determinants of the female-male non-agricultural wage ratio in developing countries.By combining data on industrial composition, economic performance and women's labour market and economic outcomes for a group of developing countries, a cross-country study is carried out of the determinants of the gender pay gap in developing countries in the 1990s. The results show that higher female literacy and greater female labour market activity is associated with a lower wage gap. In addition, the greater the degree of industrialisation and market emergence, the greater the gender wage gap. And, as in the industrialised nations, women's over-representation in lower-paying occupations is a key factor in explaining women's lower relative pay.

Suggested Citation

  • Datta Gupta, Nabanita, 2002. "Gender, pay and development: a cross-country analysis," MPRA Paper 15311, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15311
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/15311/1/MPRA_paper_15311.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cornia, Giovanni Andrea & Jolly, Richard & Stewart, Frances (ed.), 1987. "Adjustment with a Human Face: Volume 1, Protecting the Vulnerable and Promoting Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198286097.
    2. Stephanie Seguino, 1997. "Gender wage inequality and export-led growth in South Korea," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 102-132.
    3. Seguino, Stephanie, 2000. "Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1211-1230, July.
    4. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1992. "The Gender Earnings Gap: Learning from International Comparisons," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 533-538, May.
    5. Stewart, Frances, 1991. "The many faces of adjustment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 19(12), pages 1847-1864, December.
    6. Sandra E. Black & Elizabeth Brainerd, 1999. "Importing equality? The effects of increased competition on the gender wage gap," Staff Reports 74, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
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    Cited by:

    1. Somasree Poddar & Sarbajit Chaudhuri, 2016. "Economic Reforms and Gender-Based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 14(2), pages 301-321, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender; pay; development; cross-country study;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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