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Decomposing the Effects of Economic Policies on Poverty Trends in Cameroon: A Double Calibration Micro Simulated General Equilibrium Analysis

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  • Emini, Christian Arnault
  • Kanmi Feunou, Dorine

Abstract

This paper aims at bringing out the determinants of the significant poverty alleviation observed in Cameroon between 1993 and 2001. It focuses on the decomposition of poverty and growth changes, in order to assess the intrinsic contribution of each major economic policy implemented in Cameroon during this period. A double calibration technique, within a micro-simulated computable general equilibrium model was used to that effect. Findings obtained reveal that the devaluation, the rehabilitation of infrastructures, and the VAT enforcement respectively contributed for two percent, 9 percent and -4 percent in the poverty alleviation; for one percent, 11 percent, and three percent in explaining GDP growth; and for 65 percent, zero percent and 11 percent in the rise of the consumer price index (CPI). Beside revealing the intrinsic impacts of aforementioned policies, the double calibration approach made it possible to realize that technological changes arose between 1993 and 2001 alone stand to explain up to 31 percent of the nationwide decline in poverty, 45 percent of the GDP growth, and 4 percent of the CPI increase. The notion of technological changes refers here to changes occurred across the time in the values of scale parameters contained in production and product differentiation functions.

Suggested Citation

  • Emini, Christian Arnault & Kanmi Feunou, Dorine, 2008. "Decomposing the Effects of Economic Policies on Poverty Trends in Cameroon: A Double Calibration Micro Simulated General Equilibrium Analysis," MPRA Paper 14820, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:14820
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/14820/1/MPRA_paper_14820.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. John Cockburn, 2002. "Trade Liberalisation and Poverty in Nepal: A Computable General Equilibrium Micro Simulation Analysis," CSAE Working Paper Series 2002-11, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    2. Jean-Christophe Dumont & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2000. "L'impact des infrastructures publiques sur la compétitivité et la croissance : une analyse en EGC appliquée au Sénégal," Working Papers DT/2000/08, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    3. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    4. Cogneau, Denis & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie, 2000. "Growth, distribution and poverty in Madagascar," TMD discussion papers 61, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/5149 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Abrego, Lisandro & Whalley, John, 2000. "The Choice of Structural Model in Trade-Wages Decompositions," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 462-477, August.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4928 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Double calibration; Impacts decomposition; Micro simulation; Devaluation; CGE models; Technological changes; Tax and Customs reforms; Basic infrastructure.;

    JEL classification:

    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures
    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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