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La guerre de Poutine en Ukraine provoquera-t-elle famine et révoltes en Afrique?
[Will Putin's Ukraine war provoke famine and upheaval in Africa ?]

Author

Listed:
  • Kohnert, Dirk

Abstract

Famines are almost always man-made often used as a deterrent. Since ancient times, food and hunger have been a weapon of war. Among the most notorious examples in Africa are the Herero and Namaqua genocide in German South-West Africa (now Namibia) from 1904 to 1908. It was the first genocide of the 20th century. Also, the subsequent famines in Biafra (South-East Nigeria, 1967-1969), when an estimated 1.5 million people starved to death, the 1980 famine in Uganda, one of the worst in African history, when 21% of the population died, and the recurring famines in Ethiopia, Somalia and South Sudan since the 1990s have been burned into human memory. The use of food as a weapon was condemned as a war crime by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998. Since most African countries are Least Developed Countries (LLCs), they will suffer the hardest in the aftermath of Putin's war in Ukraine, especially Africa's poor. They have already suffered the consequences of drought, the corona pandemic and Islamist terrorism. Their already weakened position will be exacerbated by the spill-over effects of Russian aggression in Ukraine, which will further exacerbate hunger and poverty in Africa. All the more so as international development aid to Africa is likely to suffer from a massive redirection of aid to rearmament. Last but not least, Putin's war in Ukraine will have a major impact on EU-Africa relations. In view of the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic for Africa, it will further damage the mutual trust between both partners. About 86% of Africans have yet to receive two doses of vaccine. A growing number of African heads of state and government no longer see Western countries as reliable partners.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "La guerre de Poutine en Ukraine provoquera-t-elle famine et révoltes en Afrique? [Will Putin's Ukraine war provoke famine and upheaval in Africa ?]," MPRA Paper 112809, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:112809
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "The impact of Russian presence in Africa," MPRA Paper 112554, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Cormac Ó Gráda, 2007. "Making Famine History," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 45(1), pages 5-38, March.
    3. Erin Coughlan de Perez & Maarten van Aalst & Richard Choularton & Bart van den Hurk & Simon Mason & Hannah Nissan & Saroja Schwager, 2019. "From rain to famine: assessing the utility of rainfall observations and seasonal forecasts to anticipate food insecurity in East Africa," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 11(1), pages 57-68, February.
    4. Abdelaaziz Ait Ali & Fahd AZAROUAL & Oumayma Bourhriba & Uri Dadush, 2022. "The Economic Implications of the War in Ukraine for Africa and Morocco," Policy notes & Policy briefs 1970, Policy Center for the New South.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Russie; invasion; Ukraine; Afrique; famine; commerce international; pouvoir alimentaire; marchés d'armes; État fragile; terrorisme islamiste; Maghreb; Égypte; Maroc; Algérie; Tunisie; Libye; Afrique subsaharienne; Afrique du Sud; Cameroun; Mozambique; Éthiopie; Kenya; Ouganda ; Somalie; Namibie; Nigeria; Soudan; sécurité énergétique; Chine; UE; USA;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • F54 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • N47 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Africa; Oceania
    • N57 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Africa; Oceania
    • N77 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Africa; Oceania
    • P26 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Socialist and Transition Economies - - - Property Rights
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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