IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/118992.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The impact of Israel's Sub-Saharan relations on African migrants in Israel

Author

Listed:
  • Kohnert, Dirk

Abstract

In the 1960s, sub-Saharan Africa experienced a major diplomatic offensive by Israel. Kwame Nkrumah's Ghana was the first country to establish diplomatic and economic relations. Others soon followed, so that by the mid-1960s some forty African countries were receiving agricultural and military aid from Israel and benefiting from scholarships for their students. Israel's involvement was facilitated by the CIA's activities in Africa at the time, which were conceived and funded by the United States and other Western powers as their "third force" in Africa. Since then, the situation has evolved due to Africans' growing solidarity with the Palestinians and their rejection of Israel's "apartheid" system of systematic discrimination against non-Israeli populations. Israel lost the support of most SSA countries in the early 1970s because of its collaboration with apartheid South Africa. As Nelson Mandela said, "South Africa will never be free until Palestine is free". At its 12th Ordinary Session in Kampala in 1975, the OAU for the first time identified Israel's founding ideology, Zionism, as a form of racism. Nevertheless, several African countries continued to maintain low-level contacts through thirteen foreign embassies, for example in Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda and Zaire, while educational and commercial exchanges continued, albeit on a much reduced scale and away from the public eye. But the scourge of Islamist terrorism necessitated a revival of relations. Military and security cooperation, including cyber security, is particularly intensive with Ethiopia, Zaire, Uganda, Ghana, Togo and South Africa, for example. It has also often served to prop up despotic African regimes. Today, sub-Saharan Africa is a lucrative market for the Israeli defence industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "The impact of Israel's Sub-Saharan relations on African migrants in Israel," MPRA Paper 118992, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:118992
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/118992/1/MPRA_paper_118992.pdf
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "The impact of Russian presence in Africa," MPRA Paper 112554, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "L'impact des relations extérieures entre l'Afrique subsaharienne et les États arabes du Golfe sur les migrants africains dans la région [The impact of foreign relations between Sub-Saharan Africa a," MPRA Paper 119251, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "ECOWAS, once an assertive power in West Africa, reduced to a paper tiger?," MPRA Paper 118191, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "La guerre de Poutine en Ukraine, causera-t-elle la faim et des troubles en Afrique ? [Will Putin's Ukraine war provoke famine and upheaval in Africa ?]," MPRA Paper 112768, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "La guerre de Poutine en Ukraine provoquera-t-elle famine et révoltes en Afrique? [Will Putin's Ukraine war provoke famine and upheaval in Africa ?]," MPRA Paper 112809, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "Will Putin's Ukraine war provoke famine and upheaval in Africa?," MPRA Paper 112767, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Apr 2022.
    6. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "Moral Money in Sub-Saharan Africa? On ensuring ethics to drive sustainable investment," MPRA Paper 117779, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "Is water a blessing or a curse? How to address water conflicts in West Africa," MPRA Paper 118148, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "La Russie et la montée du terrorisme islamique en Afrique subsaharienne [Russia and the rise of Islamic terrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa]," MPRA Paper 113253, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "L'impact de la guerre du Soudan de 2023 sur l'Afrique et au-delà [On the impact of the 2023 Sudanese war on Africa and beyond]," MPRA Paper 117583, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "The impact of foreign relations between Sub-Saharan Africa and the Arab Golf states on African migrants in the region," MPRA Paper 119234, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "L'impact des relations subsahariennes d'Israël sur les migrants africains en Israël [The impact of Israel's Sub-Saharan relations on African migrants in Israel]," MPRA Paper 119007, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "La CEDEAO, autrefois puissance affirmée en Afrique de l'Ouest réduite à un tigre de papier ? [ECOWAS, once an assertive power in West Africa, reduced to a paper tiger?]," MPRA Paper 118192, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "L'eau, une bénédiction et une malédiction: comment résoudre les conflits liés à l'eau en Afrique de l'Ouest? [Is water a blessing or a curse? How to address water conflicts in West Africa]," MPRA Paper 118149, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Kohnert, Dirk, 2023. "La monnaie morale en Afrique subsaharienne ? Garantir l'éthique pour favoriser l'investissement durable [Moral Money in Sub-Saharan Africa? On ensuring ethics to drive sustainable investment]," MPRA Paper 117780, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Kohnert, Dirk, 2022. "Russia and the rise of Islamic terrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 113618, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Israel; AU; Palestinians; African immigration to Israel; dispatched labour; remittances; human trafficking; smuggling; military aid; coup d'état; governance; sustainable development; informal sector; ODA; Peace and Security Council; Sub-Saharan Africa; South Africa; Nigeria; Eritrea; Rwanda; Egypt; Sudan; African Studies;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • F53 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
    • F54 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • N47 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Africa; Oceania
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:118992. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Joachim Winter (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/vfmunde.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.