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Does uncertainty matter for the fiscal consolidation and capital intensity nexus?

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  • Bournakis, Ioannis
  • Ramirez-Rondan, Nelson R.

Abstract

The paper looks for non-linearities in the relationship between fiscal consolidation and capital intensity (capital per worker). To understand this nexus, we consider the broader state of the economy as it is represented by the degree of economic uncertainty. Based on a sample of 27 OECD countries over the period 1996-2019, we identify low and high uncertainty regimes within which the nature of the relationship between fiscal policy and capital intensity differs substantially. In the low uncertainty regime, fiscal tightening is either irrelevant or has a relatively small negative economic effect on the evolution of capital intensity. In the high uncertainty regime, the negative effect of fiscal tightening on capital intensity can be three times bigger in comparison to the effect in the low uncertainty regime. Our findings maintain a robust pattern of this relationship through a series of sensitivity tests.

Suggested Citation

  • Bournakis, Ioannis & Ramirez-Rondan, Nelson R., 2022. "Does uncertainty matter for the fiscal consolidation and capital intensity nexus?," MPRA Paper 111592, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:111592
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal policy; real sector; threshold model; panel data.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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