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From the Geography of Innovation to Development Policy Analysis: The GMR-approach


  • Attila Varga

    () (Department of Economics and Regional Studies, University of Pécs)


Knowledge based local economic development policies (often labeled also as 'cluster development' or policies designed to distribute Structural Funds over the EU territory within the framework of'“national development plans') are implemented with an explicit or implicit aim towards broader state, national or even supra national interests. The main issues are growth (at the supra regional level) and convergence (across regions). How different mixtures of the instruments of local development policies can help approach theses aims – or more precisely to what extent these policies may serve either of the targets or perhaps both of them? The related theoretical and empirical literature in the new economic geography, economic growth and the geography of innovation fields is extensive. However economic models drawing from this literature and constructed for the aim of evaluating actual development policy decisions in the light of the growth and convergence targets are rare. This paper serves two aims. First it explains a manner how the geography of innovation literature can contribute to develop a sub-model that can be used for assessing the static impacts of development policy interventions in the GMR-Hungary model. Second to demonstrate the power of such a model that incorporates the lessons from the geography of innovation literature policy simulation results with GMR at the regional, interregional and macro levels are provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Attila Varga, 2007. "From the Geography of Innovation to Development Policy Analysis: The GMR-approach," Working Papers 2007/1, University of Pécs, Department of Economics and Regional Studies, revised Jun 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:pec:wpaper:2007/1

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barro, Robert J, 1999. "Notes on Growth Accounting," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 119-137, June.
    2. Acs, Zoltan J. & Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila, 2002. "Patents and innovation counts as measures of regional production of new knowledge," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1069-1085, September.
    3. Attila Varga, 1998. "Local academic knowledge spillovers and the concentration of economic activity," ERSA conference papers ersa98p493, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Baldwin, Richard & Forslid, Rikard, 1997. "The Core-Periphery Model and Endogenous Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1749, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Attila Varga & Péter Járosi & Tamás Sebestyén, 2011. "Modeling the growth effects of regional knowledge production: The GMR-Europe model and its applications for EU Framework Program policy impact simulations," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1426, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Czapiewski, Konrad & Janc, Krzysztof & Owsiński, Jan & Śleszyński, Przemysław, 2016. "A modelling project in Poland: the social and intellectual capital aspects," Studies in Agricultural Economics, Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, vol. 118(1), April.

    More about this item


    Innovation; development policy; regional growth;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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