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Desempleo, pobreza y estrategias de protección social: Perú 1998-2005

Author

Listed:
  • Yamada Gustavo

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Ricardo Montero

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

El presente documento utiliza información de panel de las Encuestas Nacionales de Hogares del Perúentre 1998 y 2005 para estimar cuantitativamente que la pérdida del empleo de un miembro del hogar provoca en promedio los siguientes impactos negativos de corto plazo: a) reduce el ingreso familiar en 27%, b) disminuye el gasto real del hogar en 7%, c) provoca una caída en la ingesta calórica familiar de 13%, y, d) genera un aumento en la probabilidad de caer en la pobreza de 44%. De acuerdo a nuestros resultados, la estrategia utilizada más efectiva para paliar estos impactos negativos en el bienestar sería el aumento en el número de horas trabajadas a nivel familiar. Menos eficaces resultarían las transferencias familiares internas, la recepción de remesas de familiares del exterior y el acceso a programas sociales del Estado. Por último, el beneficio de la compensación por tiempo de servicios en el empleo previo no tendría ningún impacto para detener el deterioro del bienestar por la pérdida del mismo.

Suggested Citation

  • Yamada Gustavo & Ricardo Montero, 2008. "Desempleo, pobreza y estrategias de protección social: Perú 1998-2005," Working Papers 08-03, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
  • Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:08-03
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Javier Herrera & Gerardo David Rosas Shady, 2003. "Labor Market Transitions in Peru," Working Papers DT/2003/14, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    2. Gustavo Yamada, 2005. "Horas de Trabajo: Determinantes y dinámica en el Perú Urbano," Working Papers 05-05, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    3. Gustavo Yamada (ed.), 2005. "Horas de trabajo: determinantes y dinámica en el Perú urbano," Books, Fondo Editorial, Universidad del Pacífico, edition 1, volume 1, number 05-13, June.
    4. Gustavo Yamada, 2004. "Avances recientes," Chapters of Books,in: Gustavo Yamada (ed.), Economía laboral en el Perú: avances recientes y agenda pendiente, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 11-42 Fondo Editorial, Universidad del Pacífico.
    5. Pritchett, Lant & Suryahadi, Asep & Sumarto, Sudarno, 2000. "Quantifying vulnerability to poverty - a proposed measure, applied to Indonesia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2437, The World Bank.
    6. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4515 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Desempleo; pobreza; protección social; ingesta calórica;

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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