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Do Entrepreneurs Come From Venus Or Mars? Impact Of Postgraduate Studies: Gender And Family Business Background

  • Clara Cardone-Riportella

    ()

    (Department of Financial Economics and Accounting, Pablo de Olavide University)

  • María José Casasola-Martinez

    ()

    (Business Administration Faculty, Carlos III University)

  • Isabel Feito-Ruiz

    ()

    (Department of Business Administration, University of Leon)

Registered author(s):

    Online MBA programs give postgraduate students the opportunity to develop skills and abilities to discover new business opportunities and to develop entrepreneurship intention (EI) (or entrepreneurial activity intention) and start-up behavior (SUB) (or entrepreneurship activity). This paper analyzes the impacts on entrepreneurial intention and on start-up behavior developed by the graduate students of an international online Master of Business Administration (OL-MBA) program launched by three public Spanish universities that offers two specializations (Management and Finance). The students of this program come from different countries, so the impact of cultural aspects is also examined in this study. The main results show that coming from an entrepreneurial family increases entrepreneurial intention, and this result is reinforced when the OL-MBA student is female. Additionally, female students are more likely to engage in start-up behavior if she comes from an entrepreneurial family. However, this start-up behavior is reduced when female students receive entrepreneurial education or if they have children (dependency context). Other personal characteristics, such as non-risk-adverse personality, can also motivate entrepreneurial intention and start-up behavior.

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    File URL: http://www.upo.es/serv/bib/fiecac/fiecac1404.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2014
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    Paper provided by Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Financial Economics and Accounting (former Department of Business Administration) in its series Working Papers with number 14.04.

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    Length: 33 pages
    Date of creation: Jul 2014
    Date of revision: Sep 2014
    Handle: RePEc:pab:fiecac:14.04
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    1. von Graevenitz, Georg & Harhoff, Dietmar & Weber, Richard, 2010. "The effects of entrepreneurship education," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 90-112, October.
    2. KruegerJR, Norris F. & Reilly, Michael D. & Carsrud, Alan L., 2000. "Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 15(5-6), pages 411-432.
    3. Frederic Delmar & Per Davidsson, 2000. "Where do they come from? Prevalence and characteristics of nascent entrepreneurs," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 1-23, January.
    4. Davidsson, Per & Honig, Benson, 2003. "The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 301-331, May.
    5. DeMartino, Richard & Barbato, Robert, 2003. "Differences between women and men MBA entrepreneurs: exploring family flexibility and wealth creation as career motivators," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 815-832, November.
    6. Bernd Ebersberger & Christine Pirhofer, 2011. "Gender, management education and the willingness for academic entrepreneurship," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(9), pages 841-844.
    7. Oosterbeek, Hessel & van Praag, Mirjam & Ijsselstein, Auke, 2010. "The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurship skills and motivation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 442-454, April.
    8. Yar, Daniel & Wennberg, Karl & Berglund, Henrik, 2008. "Creativity In Entrepreneurship Education," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Business Administration 2008:4, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 03 Apr 2008.
    9. Lee, Lena & Wong, Poh Kam & Foo, Maw Der & Leung, Aegean, 2011. "Entrepreneurial intentions: The influence of organizational and individual factors," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 124-136, January.
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    11. Gupta, Vishal K. & Goktan, A. Banu & Gunay, Gonca, 2014. "Gender differences in evaluation of new business opportunity: A stereotype threat perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 273-288.
    12. Katz, Jerome A., 2003. "The chronology and intellectual trajectory of American entrepreneurship education: 1876-1999," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 283-300, March.
    13. Rachida Justo & Cristina Cruz & Julio Orlando De Castro & Alicia Coduras, 2006. "Entrepreneurs´ perceptions of success: examining differences across gender and family status," Working Papers Economia wp06-07, Instituto de Empresa, Area of Economic Environment.
    14. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521899604 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Mike Wright & Evila Piva & Simon Mosey & Andy Lockett, 2009. "Academic entrepreneurship and business schools," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(6), pages 560-587, December.
    16. Vesper, Karl H. & Gartner, William B., 1997. "Measuring progress in entrepreneurship education," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 403-421, September.
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