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Do Natural Resources Attract Non-Resource FDI?

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  • Steven Poelhekke
  • Rick van der Ploeg

Abstract

A new and extensive panel of outward non-resource and resource FDI is used to obtain panel error-correction and estimates with spatial lags of the determinants of non-resource and resource FDI. Our main findings are as follows. First, for those countries which were not a resource producer before, a resource discovery causes non-resource FDI to fall by 16% in the short run and by 68% in the long run. Second, for those countries which wre already a resource producer, a doubling of resource rents induces a 12.4% fall in non-resource FDI. Third, on average, teh contractin in non-reosurce FDI outweighs the boom in resource FDI. Aggregate FDI falls by 4% if the resource bonanza is doubled. Finally, these negative effects on non-resource FDI are amplified through the positive spatial lags in non-resource FDI. We also find that resource FDI is vertical wheras non-resource FDI is of the export-fragmentation variety. Our main findings are robust to different measures of resource reserves and the oil price and to allowing for sample selection bias..

Suggested Citation

  • Steven Poelhekke & Rick van der Ploeg, 2010. "Do Natural Resources Attract Non-Resource FDI?," OxCarre Working Papers 051, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:051
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. J. M. C. Santos Silva & Silvana Tenreyro, 2006. "The Log of Gravity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(4), pages 641-658, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arshad Hayat, 2014. "FDI and Economic Growth: The Role of Natural Resources," Working Papers IES 2014/36, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Dec 2014.
    2. Leonce Ndikumana & Mare Sarr, 2016. "Capital Flight and Foreign Direct Investment in Africa: An Investigation of the Role of Natural Resource Endowment," SALDRU Working Papers 167, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
    3. Mohamed Elheddad, 2016. "Natural Resources and FDI in GCC Countries," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 6(7), pages 12-22, July.
    4. de Haas, Ralph & Poelhekke, Steven, 2016. "Mining Matters : Natural Resource Extraction and Local Business Constraints," Discussion Paper 2016-034, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    5. Torfinn Harding & Anthony J Venables, 2016. "The Implications of Natural Resource Exports for Nonresource Trade," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 64(2), pages 268-302, June.
    6. LĂ©once Ndikumana & Mare Sarr, 2016. "Capital flight and foreign direct investment in Africa An investigation of the role of natural resource endowment," WIDER Working Paper Series 058, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Demir, Firat, 2016. "Effects of FDI Flows on Institutional Development: Does It Matter Where the Investors are from?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 341-359.
    8. repec:bla:coecpo:v:35:y:2017:i:3:p:484-504 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Choi, Jongmoo Jay & Lee, Sang Mook & Shoham, Amir, 2016. "The effects of institutional distance on FDI inflow: General environmental institutions (GEI) versus minority investor protection institutions (MIP)," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 114-123.
    10. Poelhekke, Steven, 2015. "Do global banks facilitate foreign direct investment?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 25-46.
    11. Mohamed M. Elheddad, 2016. "Towards To New Illustration Of Resource Curse: Fdi Channel Empirical Evidence From Gulf Cooperation Council (Gcc) Countries," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 4(4), pages 8-19.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    outward non-resource and resource FDI; subsoil assets; co-integration tests; spatial econmetrics; hydrocarbon reserves; external margin; sample selection bias;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • Q33 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Resource Booms (Dutch Disease)

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