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Gender, sibling order, and differences in the quantity and quality of educational attainment: Evidence using Japanese twin data

  • Tien Manh Vu

    (Ph.D Candidate, Osaka School of International Public Policy)

  • Hisakazu Matsushige

    (Professor, Osaka School of International Public Policy)

Using 1,045 pairs of Japanese monozygotic twins, we examine differences in educational attainment by considering both the years of schooling (quantity) and the reputation of the last attended school (quality). We find that a difference in learning performance at 15 years of age is one of the key factors connected with differences in both quantity and quality of educational attainment. We also find that when the eldest child in the family is the female twin in the 1950s and 1960s birth cohorts, she forgoes 0.542 years of schooling over her younger twin sister; but for the same birth cohorts, when the eldest child in the family is the male twin, he gains some advantage in the quality of educational attainment over his younger twin brother. However, we find that as the Japanese economy has developed, any difference between twins disappears in subsequent birth cohorts, regardless of gender and sibling order.

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File URL: http://www.osipp.osaka-u.ac.jp/archives/DP/2013/DP2013E007.pdf
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Paper provided by Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University in its series OSIPP Discussion Paper with number 13E007.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:13e007
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  1. Behrman, Jere R & Taubman, Paul, 1986. "Birth Order, Schooling, and Earnings," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 4(3), pages S121-45, July.
  2. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 257-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Orley Ashenfelter & Cecilia Rouse, 1997. "Income, Schooling, and Ability: Evidence from a New Sample of Identical Twins," NBER Working Papers 6106, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Gordon B. Dahl & Lance Lochner, 2010. "The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement: Evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit," University of Western Ontario, Centre for Human Capital and Productivity (CHCP) Working Papers 20105, University of Western Ontario, Centre for Human Capital and Productivity (CHCP).
  5. Chiara Pronzato, 2009. "An Examination of Paternal and Maternal Intergenerational Transmission of Schooling," CHILD Working Papers wp20_09, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
  6. Rosenzweig, Mark & Zhang, Junsen, 2012. "Economic Growth, Comparative Advantage, and Gender Differences in Schooling Outcomes: Evidence from the Birthweight Differences of Chinese Twins," Working Papers 98, Yale University, Department of Economics.
  7. Monique de Haan, 2005. "Birth Order, Family Size and Educational Attainment," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-116/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  8. Isacsson, Gunnar, 1999. "Estimates of the return to schooling in Sweden from a large sample of twins," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 471-489, November.
  9. Alan B. Krueger, 1997. "Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions," NBER Working Papers 6051, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Kenneth I. Wolpin & Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2000. "Natural "Natural Experiments" in Economics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(4), pages 827-874, December.
  11. Behrman, Jere R & Rosenzweig, Mark R & Taubman, Paul, 1994. "Endowments and the Allocation of Schooling in the Family and in the Marriage Market: The Twins Experiment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(6), pages 1131-74, December.
  12. Cunha, Flavio & Heckman, James J., 2007. "Identifying and Estimating the Distributions of Ex Post and Ex Ante Returns to Schooling," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 870-893, December.
  13. Heather Royer, 2009. "Separated at Girth: US Twin Estimates of the Effects of Birth Weight," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 1(1), pages 49-85, January.
  14. Eric A. Hanushek, 2002. "The Failure of Input-based Schooling Policies," NBER Working Papers 9040, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Wataru Kureishi & Midori Wakabayashi, 2011. "Son preference in Japan," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(3), pages 873-893, July.
  16. Jere R. Behrman & Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2004. "Returns to Birthweight," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(2), pages 586-601, May.
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