Optimal Export Policy for a New-Product Monopoly
A new welfare-enhancing role is identified for a policy of export subsidization in a new-product industry. An export subsidy policy promotes the (rational) perception that a high-quality export can be provided at a relatively low price. Thus, an export subsidy generates a first order benefit to welfare by enabling a high-quality export to be sold at a less-distorted, high price. The subsidy will also introduce distortions into the price of a low-quality export and, when product quality is policy-sensitive, the quality selection process. Since these choices are initially undistorted, however, the export-country welfare loss arising from new distortions is of second order importance.
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