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Multinationals as Stabilizers?: Economic Crisis and Plant Employment Growth

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  • Roberto Alvarez
  • Holger Görg

Abstract

This paper examines the link between multinational enterprises and employment growth at the plant-level. We investigate in detail the comparative response of multinationals and domestic firms to an economic crisis, using the empirical setting of a well defined case of economic slowdown in Chile as a natural experiment. In our empirical analysis we find that employment growth in manufacturing plants has been drastically reduced during the economic crisis. More importantly, we do not find evidence that multinationals react to the economic crisis differently than do domestic firms. Our findings hold in a number of robustness tests, in which we also investigate the role of access to finance. The results are in contrast to the idea that multinationals are less affected by an economic crisis and that they may be able to act as stabilizers in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Alvarez & Holger Görg, "undated". "Multinationals as Stabilizers?: Economic Crisis and Plant Employment Growth," Discussion Papers 07/15, University of Nottingham, GEP.
  • Handle: RePEc:not:notgep:07/15
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Raddatz, Claudio, 2006. "Liquidity needs and vulnerability to financial underdevelopment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(3), pages 677-722, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sun Eae Chun & Mamoru Nagano & Min Hwan Lee, 2011. "Ownership Structure and Risk‐taking Behavior: Evidence from Banks in Korea and Japan," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 151-175, June.
    2. Kolasa, Marcin & Rubaszek, Michal & Taglioni, Daria, 2010. "Firms in the great global recession: The role of foreign ownership and financial dependence," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 341-357, December.
    3. Alvarez, Roberto & Görg, Holger, 2009. "Multinationals and plant exit: Evidence from Chile," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 45-51, January.
    4. Nicola Cortinovis & Riccardo Crescenzi & Frank van Oort, 2018. "Multinational enterprises, industrial relatedness and employment in European regions," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1802, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jan 2018.
    5. Shafik Hebous & Alfons J. Weichenrieder, 2009. "Debt Financing and Sharp Currency Depreciations: Wholly vs. Partially Owned Multinational Affiliates," CESifo Working Paper Series 2892, CESifo Group Munich.
    6. Fabienne Fortanier & Selwyn Moons, 2011. "Foreign Investors in The Netherlands: Heterogeneous Employment and Productivity Effects," De Economist, Springer, vol. 159(4), pages 511-531, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multinationals; employment growth; plant survival; economic crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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