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Corporate performance: does ownership matter? A comparison of foreign - and domestic - owned firms in Greece and Portugal

The paper investigates whether multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in Portugal and Greece perform differently than domestic firms using two samples. The first contains 2651 and the second 523 firms operating in Greece in 1997 and Portugal in 1992 respectively. Departures from normality of firms' profitability motivated the adoption of the robust technique of quantile regression. The estimation results suggest that ownership ties do not make a significant difference with respect to performance of firms operating in Portugal. Results were similar for firms operating in Greece and only when firms in the upper quantiles of gross profits were compared, MNCs were found to significantly perform better than domestic firms. It is probably because MNCs have to compensate for their liability of foreigness that in spite of their technological advantages they cannot persistently outperform their domestic rivals.

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Paper provided by Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA), Universidade do Minho in its series NIMA Working Papers with number 26.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nim:nimawp:26
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  1. Co, Catherine Y., 2001. "Trade, foreign direct investment and industry performance," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 19(1-2), pages 163-183, January.
  2. Nigel Driffield & Max Munday, 1998. "The impact of foreign direct investment on UK manufacturing: is there a profit squeeze in domestic firms?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(5), pages 705-709.
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