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The Missing Link: Bicycle Infrastructure Networks and Ridership in 74 US Cities

Author

Listed:
  • Jessica E. Schoner
  • David Levinson

    () (Nexus (Networks, Economics, and Urban Systems) Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota)

Abstract

Cities promote strong bicycle networks to support and encourage bicycle com- muting. However, the application of network science to bicycle facilities is not very well studied. Previous work has found relationships between the amount of bicycle infrastructure in a city and aggregate bicycle ridership, and between microscopic network structure and individual tripmaking patterns. This study fills the missing link between these two bodies of literature by developing a standard methodology for measuring bicycle facility network quality at the macroscopic level and testing its association with bicycle commuting. Bicycle infrastructure maps were collected for 74 United States cities and systematically analyzed to evaluate their network structure. Linear regression models revealed that connectivity and directness are important factors in predicting bicycle commuting after controlling for demographic variables and the size of the city. These findings provide a framework for transportation planners and policymakers to evaluate their local bicycle facility networks and set regional priorities that support nonmotorized travel behavior, and for continued research on the structure and quality of bicycle infrastructure and behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Jessica E. Schoner & David Levinson, 2014. "The Missing Link: Bicycle Infrastructure Networks and Ridership in 74 US Cities," Working Papers 000118, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:nex:wpaper:missinglink
    as

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11299/180047
    File Function: Second version, 2014
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rietveld, Piet & Daniel, Vanessa, 2004. "Determinants of bicycle use: do municipal policies matter?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 531-550, August.
    2. Tilahun, Nebiyou Y. & Levinson, David M. & Krizek, Kevin J., 2007. "Trails, lanes, or traffic: Valuing bicycle facilities with an adaptive stated preference survey," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 287-301, May.
    3. Pucher, John & Komanoff, Charles & Schimek, Paul, 1999. "Bicycling renaissance in North America?: Recent trends and alternative policies to promote bicycling," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(7-8), pages 625-654.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Mateo-Babiano, Iderlina & Bean, Richard & Corcoran, Jonathan & Pojani, Dorina, 2016. "How does our natural and built environment affect the use of bicycle sharing?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 295-307.
    2. Shang-Yu Chen & Chung-Cheng Lu, 2016. "A Model of Green Acceptance and Intentions to Use Bike-Sharing: YouBike Users in Taiwan," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 1103-1124, December.
    3. Osama, Ahmed & Sayed, Tarek & Bigazzi, Alexander Y., 2017. "Models for estimating zone-level bike kilometers traveled using bike network, land use, and road facility variables," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 14-28.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bicycling; Travel Behavior; Networks;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General

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