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Accessibility Impacts of High Speed Rail

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  • David Levinson

    () (Nexus (Networks, Economics, and Urban Systems) Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota)

Abstract

This paper reviews the state of high-speed rail (HSR) planning in the United States c. 2010. The plans generally call for a set of barely inter-connected hub-and-spoke networks. The evidence from US transit systems shows that lines have two major impacts. There are positive accessibility benefits near stations, but there are negative nuisance effects along the lines themselves. High speed lines are unlikely to have local accessibility benefits separate from connecting local transit lines because there is little advantage for most people or businesses to locate near a line used infrequently (unlike public transit). However they may have more widespread metropolitan level effects. They will retain, and perhaps worse, have much higher, nuisance effects. If high-speed rail lines can create larger effective regions, that might affect the distribution of who wins and loses from such infrastructure. The magnitude of agglomeration economies is uncertain (and certainly location-specific), but presents the best case that can be made in favor of HSR in the US.

Suggested Citation

  • David Levinson, 2010. "Accessibility Impacts of High Speed Rail," Working Papers 000072, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:nex:wpaper:economicdevelopmentimpactsofhsr
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11299/180027
    File Function: Second version, 2012
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Voith Richard, 1993. "Changing Capitalization of CBD-Oriented Transportation Systems: Evidence from Philadelphia, 1970-1988," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 361-376, May.
    2. Zhirong (Jerry) Zhao & Michael Iacono & David Levinson, 2009. "Value Capture for Transportation Finance," Working Papers 000064, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bradley, Curtis & Mwakalonge, Judith, 2012. "Factors to be Considered in Planning High Speed Rails: Time, Population, Economic Markets, and Track Mileage," 53rd Annual Transportation Research Forum, Tampa, Florida, March 15-17, 2012 207100, Transportation Research Forum.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    high-speed rail; public transportation; economic development; land use; hub-and-spoke;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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