The Political Economy of Controls: American Sugar
This paper outlines the salient characteristics of competing models of economic regulation and controls. It then examines the evolution of the American sugar program from 1934 to 1987 in the light of these models. While lobbying and other features of traditional models were clearly important, other elements also played a key role. In particular, a technocracy developed, and complexity of regulation served as an important factor perpetuating the sugar program. Similarly, lobbying and the role of vested interests was clearly important in the evolution of the program once it began but there was an element of ?accident? in the programs initiation. Once it existed, it became an instrument to be captured and used by politicians, technocrats, and economic interests alike.
|Date of creation:||Feb 1988|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as Public Policy and Economic Development: Essays in Honour of Ian Little, edited by Maurice Scott and Deepak Lal, pp. 170-216. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.|
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- Gerber, David J, 1976. "The United States Sugar Quota Program: A Study in the Direct Congressional Control of Imports," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(1), pages 103-47, April.
- Becker, Gary S, 1983. "A Theory of Competition among Pressure Groups for Political Influence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 98(3), pages 371-400, August.
- Bhagwati, Jagdish N & Srinivasan, T N, 1980.
"Revenue Seeking: A Generalization of the Theory of Tariffs,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(6), pages 1069-87, December.
- J. Bhagwati & T. N. Srinivasan, 1979. "Revenue-Seeking: A Generalization of the Theory of Tariffs," Working papers 243, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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