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The Effects of E-Cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age Laws on Youth Substance Use

Author

Listed:
  • Dhaval Dave
  • Bo Feng
  • Michael F. Pesko

Abstract

We use difference-in-differences models and individual-level data from the national and state Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) from 2005 to 2015 to examine the effects of e-cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age (MLSA) laws on youth cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and marijuana use. Our results suggest that these laws increased youth smoking participation by about one percentage point, approximately half of which could be attributed to smoking initiation. We find little evidence of higher cigarette smoking persisting beyond the point at which youth age out of the law. Our results also show little effect of the law on youth drinking, binge drinking, and marijuana use. Taken together, our findings suggest a possible unintended effect of e-cigarette MLSA laws—rising cigarette use in the short term while youth are restricted from purchasing e-cigarettes.

Suggested Citation

  • Dhaval Dave & Bo Feng & Michael F. Pesko, 2017. "The Effects of E-Cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age Laws on Youth Substance Use," NBER Working Papers 23313, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:23313
    Note: CH HC HE PE
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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