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Multi-product exporters, carry-along trade and the margins of trade

Author

Listed:
  • Andrew B. Bernard

    (Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth
    CEPR
    NBER)

  • Ilke Van Beveren

    (Lessius Department of Business Studies
    KULeuven-LICOS)

  • Hylke Vandenbussche

    (Université Catholique de Louvain, IRES
    Université Catholique de Louvain, CORE
    KULeuven-LICOS
    CEPR)

Abstract

New empirical and theoretical work has highlighted the importance of multi-product firms in international tradeflows. We examine multi-product exporters in the small open economy of Belgium, considering their importance and the relationship between the margins of trade and firm productivity, both across firms and within firms over time. In addition, we employ proxies for trade costs to quantify the extensive and intensive margin adjustments of trade. Linking production and export data at the firm-product level, we discover new and, heretofore, unknown facts about multi-product manufacturing exporters. The large majority of Belgian manufacturing firms export products that they do not produce. More than three quarters of the exported products and more than one quarter of export value from Belgian manufacturers are in goods that are not produced by the firm, so-called Carry-Along Trade (CAT). CAT exports are concentrated in the largest and most productive firms and the value of CAT exports responds differently to variation in firm productivity and trade costs than does the export value of goods that the firm produces.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew B. Bernard & Ilke Van Beveren & Hylke Vandenbussche, 2010. "Multi-product exporters, carry-along trade and the margins of trade," Working Paper Research 203, National Bank of Belgium.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:201010-203
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cheng, Dong & Hu, Zhongzhong & Tan, Yong, 2017. "Time-Varying Impacts of Financial Credits on Firm Exports: Evidence from Trade Deregulation in China," MPRA Paper 80657, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Ariu, Andrea & Breinlich, Holger & Corcos, Gregory & Mion, Giordano, 2019. "The interconnections between services and goods trade at the firm-level," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 173-188.
    3. Emanuele Forlani, 2017. "Irish Firms’ Productivity and Imported Inputs," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 85(6), pages 710-743, December.
    4. Andrea Ariu, 2016. "Services versus goods trade: a firm-level comparison," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(1), pages 19-41, February.
    5. Andrea Ariu, 2016. "Services versus goods trade: a firm-level comparison," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(1), pages 19-41, February.
    6. Joachim Wagner, 2017. "Intra-good trade in Germany: a first look at the evidence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(57), pages 5753-5761, December.
    7. Andrea ARIU, 2013. "Services versus Goods Trade: Are They the Same?," LIDAM Discussion Papers IRES 2013015, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    8. Henri Bogaert & Chantal Kegels, 2012. "Planning Paper 112 - Compétitivité de la Belgique - Défis et pistes de croissance [Planning Paper 112 - Concurrentievermogen van België - Uitdagingen en groeipistes]," Planning Papers 112, Federal Planning Bureau, Belgium.
    9. Jože Damijan & Jozef Konings & Sašo Polanec, 2013. "Pass-on trade: why do firms simultaneously engage in two-way trade in the same varieties?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 149(1), pages 85-111, March.
    10. Colantone, Italo & Crinò, Rosario, 2014. "New imported inputs, new domestic products," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 147-165.
    11. Dong Cheng & Zhongzhong Hu & Yong Tan, 2021. "Heterogeneous impacts of finance on firm exports: Evidence from export deregulation in a large developing country," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(11), pages 3326-3350, November.
    12. Joachim Wagner, 2016. "A survey of empirical studies using transaction level data on exports and imports," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(1), pages 215-225, February.
    13. Andrea Ariu, 2012. "Services versus goods trade: Are they the same?," Working Paper Research 237, National Bank of Belgium.
    14. Francesco Di Comite & Jacques-François Thisse & Hylke Vandenbussche, 2011. "Verti-zontal differentiation in monopolistic competition," Working Paper Research 216, National Bank of Belgium.
    15. Dumont, Michel & Verschelde, Marijn & Rayp, Glenn & Merlevede, Bruno, 2014. "European competitiveness - A semiparametric stochastic metafrontier analysis at the firm level," Working Paper Series 1701, European Central Bank.
    16. Catherine Fuss & Linke Zhu, 2012. "Comparative advantage, multi-product firms and trade liberalisation : An empirical test," Working Paper Research 219, National Bank of Belgium.
    17. Piotr Ciżkowicz & Andrzej Rzońca & Stanisław Umiński, 2013. "The determinants of regional exports in Poland -- a panel data analysis," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(2), pages 206-224, June.
    18. Pierre-Guillaume Méon & Khalid Sekkat, 2013. "FDI and Exports Diversification in Arab Countries," Working Papers 816, Economic Research Forum, revised Dec 2013.
    19. E. Dhyne & L. Dresse & C. Fuss & Ch. Piette, 2011. "Behaviour of Belgian firms in the context of globalisation : lessons from the conference on “International Trade : Threats and Opportunities in a Globalised World”," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue i, pages 73-88, June.
    20. Lenarčič, Črt & Masten, Igor, 2020. "Is there a Harrod-Balassa-Samuelson effect? New panel data evidence from 28 European countries," MPRA Paper 100647, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    heterogeneous firms; multi-product firms; carry-along trade; productivity; trade costs; intermediation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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