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« L'économie des discriminations » peut-elle se passer d'une « philosophie économique des discriminations ? »

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Abstract

Since the 1950's, Nobel Prize economists such as Akerlof, Arrow, Becker, Heckman, Phelps and Stiglitz have analyzed discrimination in an economic framework, essentially in "positive" perspective. The two seminal models – Becker's model based on a "taste for discrimination" and Arrow and Phelps' theories of "statistical discrimination" – give two different answers to the implicit question of efficiency. Discrimination is inefficient – by assumption – in Becker's work because it's a « non-monetary cost », whereas discrimination could be efficient – in some cases – in statistical discrimination models. When discrimination is efficient, the normative basis disappears and no political recommendations could be made. The eficiency criterion is not sufficient to analyze discrimination both in a « positive » and in a « normative » perspective. The paper discusses two principles to renew this analysis: 1) individuals make choice using normative criteria; 2) the non-discrimination principle is lexically prior to an efficiency criterion

Suggested Citation

  • Cléo Chassonnery-Zaïgouche, 2012. "« L'économie des discriminations » peut-elle se passer d'une « philosophie économique des discriminations ? »," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 12068, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:12068
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    1. Ayres, Ian & Siegelman, Peter, 1995. "Race and Gender Discrimination in Bargaining for a New Car," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 304-321, June.
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    Keywords

    Discrimination; statistical discrimination; normative economics; positive economics;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology

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