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Wealth portfolio of Hungarian households – Urban legends and facts

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  • Gábor Vadas

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)

Abstract

As significant part of national wealth, households’ wealth is the central issue in both policy debate and academic literature. Nevertheless, in Hungary little effort has been made so far to conduct thorough evaluation of households’ wealth for the last decade. Under the auspices of ‘the plural of anecdote is not evidence’ axiom, this study provides a formal evaluation of Hungarian wealth and connects the development of wealth elements to economic events. Doing so, as a by-product, we also display the estimated wealth levels of households. Based on international comparison and econometric techniques, it is confirmed that the recent financial wealth level of Hungarian households is still relatively low, meanwhile the current housing wealth is not evidently below the equilibrium level. These results provide an explanation why governmental housing subsidy scheme has its major effect on house prices rather than housing stock. Besides, the soaring house prices, via housing loans, vanished financial savings. The ‘saving disaster’, i.e. small or in some periods even negative saving rates, experienced in early 2000’s, to a certain extent, is the other side of the ‘saving miracle’ of early and mid 90’s when households rearranged their wealth portfolio from real assets to financial assets implying decreasing house prices and high saving rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Gábor Vadas, 2007. "Wealth portfolio of Hungarian households – Urban legends and facts," MNB Occasional Papers 2007/68, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:opaper:2007/68
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    File URL: http://www.mnb.hu/letoltes/op-68.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Tamás Berki & Tibor Szendrei, 2017. "The cyclical position of housing prices – a VECM approach for Hungary," MNB Occasional Papers 2017/126, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    2. Elek, Péter & Kiss, Áron, 2010. "Az ingatlanadó a magyar adórendszerben. Elméleti megfontolások és mikroszimulációs elemzés
      [Real-estate taxation in the Hungarian tax system. Theoretical considerations and a micro-simulation analy
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 389-411.
    3. Mihályi, Péter, 2008. "Gazdaságunk mai ellentmondásainak eredete
      [The origin of the present inconsistencies in the Hungarian economy]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 193-217.
    4. Bethlendi, András, 2007. "A hitelpiac szerepe a hazai háztartások fogyasztási és megtakarítási döntéseiben
      [The role of the credit market in consumption and saving decisions of Hungarian households]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1041-1065.
    5. Hudecz, András, 2012. "Párhuzamos történetek. A lakossági devizahitelezés kialakulása és kezelése Lengyelországban, Romániában és Magyarországon
      [Parallel stories. The development and treatment of household foreign-curre
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 349-411.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    household wealth; housing subsidy scheme; house price.;

    JEL classification:

    • E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household

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