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Distribuzione della ricchezza e crescita quando i mercati dei capitali sono imperfetti. Una rassegna della letteratura recente

Author

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  • Riccarda Longaretti

    () (Department of Economics, University of Milan-Bicocca)

Abstract

In questo lavoro si fornisce unabreve rassegna dei più recenti contributi teorici, sul legame tra distribuzione e crescita, basati sull’incompletezza dei mercati dei capitali Se i mercati dei capitali sono imperfetti e le decisioni individuali di investimento avvengono in condizioni di disuguaglianza, vi è la possibilità che l’accumulazione di capitale (umano e…sico) non sia efficiente. La causa risiede nella disparità nelle opportunità individuali di investimento, le quali possono perpetuare e, in alcuni casi, inasprire la disuguaglianza e influire sull’equilibrio di lungo periodo. Si evidenzia come tali modelli teorici siano in grado di supportare la dinamica individuale dei vari Paesi, diversa l’una dall’altra, nella misura in cui prevedano equilibri multipli edinamichedipendenti dalle condizioni iniziali. La convergenza nella distribuzione de lreddito è invece interpretabile sulla base dei modelli teorici che prevedono equilibri di lungo periodo con mobilità sociale e distribuzioni ergodiche.

Suggested Citation

  • Riccarda Longaretti, 2002. "Distribuzione della ricchezza e crescita quando i mercati dei capitali sono imperfetti. Una rassegna della letteratura recente," Working Papers 44, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2002.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:44
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    File URL: http://dems.unimib.it/repec/pdf/mibwpaper44.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(3), pages 565-591, September.
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    3. Easterly, William & Rebelo, Sergio, 1993. "Fiscal policy and economic growth: An empirical investigation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 417-458, December.
    4. Thomas Piketty, 1997. "The Dynamics of the Wealth Distribution and the Interest Rate with Credit Rationing," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(2), pages 173-189.
    5. J. A. Mirrlees, 1971. "An Exploration in the Theory of Optimum Income Taxation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(2), pages 175-208.
    6. Owen, Ann L. & Weil, David N., 1998. "Intergenerational earnings mobility, inequality and growth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 71-104, February.
    7. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-1189, December.
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    9. Checchi, Daniele & Ichino, Andrea & Rustichini, Aldo, 1996. "More Equal but Less Mobile? Education Financing and Intergenerational Mobility in Italy and in the United States," CEPR Discussion Papers 1496, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Distribuzione della ricchezza; capitale umano; scelta occupazionale; mercati dei capitali imperfetti.;

    JEL classification:

    • E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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