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Joachim Wagner Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, e-mail: wagner@leuphana.de Exportaktivitäten und Rendite in niedersächsischen Industrieunternehmen

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  • Joachim Wagner

    () (Institute of Economics, Leuphana University of Lüneburg)

Abstract

Zahlreiche Studien belegen, dass exportierende Unternehmen eine höhere Produktivität aufweisen als gleich große nicht exportierende Unternehmen aus derselben Branche. Gleichzeitig zahlen Exporteure ihren Mitarbeitern bei identischer Qualifikation höhere Löhne, und sie müssen Extrakosten im Zusammenhang mit den Ausfuhren tragen. Lohnt sich Exporttätigkeit „unter dem Strich“ – oder wird der Produktivitätsvorsprung durch die höheren Kosten ausgeglichen? Eine Untersuchung mit einem neu verfügbaren Längsschnittdatensatz, der Daten aus zwei Erhebungen der amtlichen Statistik kombiniert, zeigt, dass dies in den übrigen westdeutschen Bundesländern höchstwahrscheinlich und in einem ökonomisch relevanten Ausmaß der Fall ist, während es niedersächsischen exportierenden Industrieunternehmen nicht gelingt, ihren Produktivitätsvorsprung gegenüber nicht exportierenden Unternehmen auch in einen Renditevorsprung zu überführen.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Joachim Wagner Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, e-mail: wagner@leuphana.de Exportaktivitäten und Rendite in niedersächsischen Industrieunternehmen," Working Paper Series in Economics 95, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:95
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen J. Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2007. "Firms in International Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 105-130, Summer.
    2. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm-level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 60-82, January.
    3. Andrew Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1997. "Exports and success in German manufacturing," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 133(1), pages 134-157, March.
    4. Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2016. "Do Exporters Really Pay Higher Wages? First Evidence from German Linked Employer–Employee Data," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Microeconometrics of International Trade, chapter 5, pages 177-213 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Improvements and Future Challenges for the Research Infrastructure in the Field Firm Level Data," Working Paper Series in Economics 88, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    6. Thierry Mayer & Gianmarco Ottaviano, 2008. "The Happy Few: The Internationalisation of European Firms," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;German National Library of Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 43(3), pages 135-148, May.
    7. Wagner, Joachim, 2007. "Why More West than East German Firms Export," IZA Discussion Papers 2656, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Bender, Stefan & Wagner, Joachim & Zwick, Markus, 2007. "KombiFiD - Kombinierte Firmendaten für Deutschland : Konzeption der Machbarkeitsstudie für eine Zusammenführung von Unternehmensdaten der Statistischen Ämter, des Instituts für Arbeitsmarkt- und Beruf," FDZ Methodenreport 200705_de, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    9. repec:spr:manint:v:47:y:2007:i:3:d:10.1007_s11575-007-0019-z is not listed on IDEAS
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