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European Railway Deregulation: The Influence of Regulatory and Environmental Conditions on Efficiency

  • Heike Wetzel


    (Institute of Economics, Leuphana University of Lüneburg)

The objective of this paper is to analyze the impact of regulatory and environmental conditions on technical effciency of European railways. Using a panel data set of 31 railway firms from 22 European countries from 1994 to 2005, a multioutput distance function model, including regulatory and environmental factors, is estimated using stochastic frontier analysis. The results obtained indicate positive and negative effciency effects of different regulatory reforms. Furthermore, estimating models with and without regulatory and environmental factors clearly indicates that the omission of environmental factors, such as network density, substantially changes parameter estimates and, hence, leads to biased estimation results.

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Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 86.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:86
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  1. Martin F. Quaas & Stefan Baumgärtner, 2006. "The Private and Public Insurance Value of Conservative Biodiversity Management," Working Paper Series in Economics 33, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
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