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Markteintritte, Marktaustritte und Produktivität Empirische Befunde zur Dynamik in der Industrie

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  • Joachim Wagner

    () (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

Abstract

Mit einem Paneldatensatz für sämtliche niedersächsischen Industriebetriebe der Jahre 1995 bis 2002 werden drei Hypothesen aus dem Modell von Hopenhayn (Econometrica 1992) getestet: (H1) Firmen, die in der Periode t aus dem Markt ausscheiden, waren in der Periode t-1 weniger produktiv als Firmen, die in t im Markt verbleiben. (H2) Firmen, die in der Periode t in den Markt eintreten, weisen eine geringere Produktivität auf als Firmen, die in der Periode t bereits im Markt aktiv sind. (H3) Firmen aus einer Gründungskohorte, die am Markt überleben, weisen zum Zeitpunkt der Gründung eine höhere Produktivität auf als Firmen, die bereits nach wenigen Jahren wieder ausscheiden. Jede Hypothese wird bestätigt. Ergebnisse aus Analysen mit anderen Daten stützen diese Befunde. Dies zeigt, dass Selektionseffekte, bei denen die produktivsten Betriebe überleben, die Dynamik von Industrien prägen. Wirtschaftspolitische Maßnahmen, die Markteintritte und Marktaustritte oder Reallokationsprozesse von Produktionsfaktoren zwischen bereits bestehenden Betrieben behindern, bremsen damit das Wachstum der Produktivität und so das Wirtschaftswachstum insgesamt. Sie sollten daher unterbleiben.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Wagner, 2006. "Markteintritte, Marktaustritte und Produktivität Empirische Befunde zur Dynamik in der Industrie," Working Paper Series in Economics 27, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:27
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Zur Mikrostruktur der Investitionsdynamik in der Industrie. Analysen mit Betriebspaneldaten aus Niedersachsen (1995 – 2002)," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 125(4), pages 475-488.
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    4. Richard Ericson & Ariel Pakes, 1995. "Markov-Perfect Industry Dynamics: A Framework for Empirical Work," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(1), pages 53-82.
    5. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
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    8. John T. Addison & Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2006. "Works Councils in the Production Process," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 126(2), pages 251-283.
    9. Wagner, Joachim, 1994. "The Post-entry Performance of New Small Firms in German Manufacturing Industries," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(2), pages 141-154, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lena Koller & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Schwellenwerte im Arbeitsrecht: Höhere Effizienz und Transparent durch Vereinheitlichung," Working Paper Series in Economics 40, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    2. Jens Korunig, 2007. "Regulierung des Netzmonopolisten durch Verbot von Peak-load Pricing?," Working Paper Series in Economics 36, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    3. Ingrid Ott & Christian Papilloud, 2006. "Converging institutions. Shaping the relationships between nanotechnologies, economy and society," Working Paper Series in Economics 32, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Markteintritte; Marktaustritte; Produktivität;

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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