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Varsovie entre polarisation et dispersion



    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

La restructuration sectorielle de l'activité économique (tertiarisation) induite par l'ouverture au marché engendre une réorganisation de la structure urbaine de Varsovie dont l'analyse permet d'étendre aux Pays d'Europe Centrale et Orientale le débat sur l'universalité des formes de suburbanisation. La recomposition spatiale à Varsovie évaluée, à partir de différents indicateurs (densité d'emploi, densité de population, coefficient de concentration, définition de " zone d'emploi "), se traduit entre 1994 et 1999 par une suburbanisation de la population et de l'emploi. Cependant les quartiers centraux restent de loin les plus importants en termes de population et d'emploi. La ville garde donc un fort caractère monocentrique en 1999. Toutefois, la suburbanisation des commerces et des services à la population ainsi que la formation d'un CBD spécialisé montrent une évolution vers un modèle urbain multicentrique. La rapidité des mouvements observés fait penser à un processus de rattrapage. Ainsi, les changements de la géographie de l'emploi suggèrent que Varsovie présente actuellement un développement original. Dans le cadre d'une structure où, pour des raisons historiques spécifiques, le centre est encore fortement dominant, on voit apparaître rapidement les prémices de quelques-uns des caractères universels de la suburbanisation. / The economic transition in Poland leads to a restructuration of economic activities which affects spatial patterns of cities, especially in Warsaw. Analyzing the location and re-location of population and employment in Poland's capital allows to enlarge the debate on the suburbanization forms to the Central and Oriental European Countries. The results support the fact that the city center is still largely the most important district in terms of population and employment, so that in 1999 the city keeps a strong monocentric character. However, from 1994 to 1999, population and employment move towards the Warsaw's suburbs. Two significant observations, namely the suburbanization of retailing and population services, and the emergence of a specialized CBD, clearly reflect an evolution towards the multicentric model. The rapidity of the movements suggests the existence of a catching-up process. Thus, the geography of employment changes in Warsaw reveals an original evolution. For historic reasons, the center is still strongly dominant, but a number of usually observed trends of suburbanization emerge.

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Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 2001-10.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2001
Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2001-10
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  1. Richard Arnott & Alex Anas & Kenneth Small, 1997. "Urban Spatial Structure," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 388., Boston College Department of Economics.
  2. Fujita, Masahisa & Ogawa, Hideaki, 1982. "Multiple equilibria and structural transition of non-monocentric urban configurations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 161-196, May.
  3. BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise, 2001. "Marchés du travail et disparités régionales en Pologne," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2001-08, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
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