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Un essai de définition du concept de gouvernance

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  • Darine Bakkour

Abstract

Ce papier a pour objet de préciser la terminologie du concept de gouvernance. Nous allons examiner les modes de gouvernance les plus connus, à savoir la gouvernance d’entreprise, la gouvernance publique, et la gouvernance territoriale. C’est ainsi, que nous évoquerons le concept de la Responsabilité Sociale de l’Entreprise (RSE), le courant du New Public Management (NPM) et le concept de gouvernementalité de Michel Foucault (1978). Nous considérons que la gouvernance s’applique à un « système » et nous proposons une définition du concept de gouvernance d’un système, comme suit : « La gouvernance d’un système désigne les mécanismes au moyen desquels les mandataire(s) et les mandants articulent leurs intérêts et aplanissent leurs différences afin de réaliser leurs objectifs. La gouvernance désigne, par ailleurs, les institutions, qui influent sur l’exercice des pouvoirs dans les entités concernés. Enfin, la gouvernance d’un système est décrite par l’interaction participative entre les acteurs concernés à tous les niveaux ». La gouvernance est un concept holistique qui s’applique à plusieurs niveaux, et pour plusieurs objectifs, dans un environnement marqué par des conflits d’intérêts, des situations d’incertitudes et d’asymétrie d’information.

Suggested Citation

  • Darine Bakkour, 2013. "Un essai de définition du concept de gouvernance," Studies and Syntheses 13-05, LAMETA, Universitiy of Montpellier, revised Dec 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:lam:estudy:13-05
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    File URL: http://www.lameta.univ-montp1.fr/Documents/ES2013-05.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
    2. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    3. Barro, Robert J, 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 103-126, October.
    4. Tirole, Jean, 2001. "Corporate Governance," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(1), pages 1-35, January.
    5. Venkiteswaran N, 1997. "Ethics, Values and Corporate Governance," IIMA Working Papers WP1997-08-01_01459, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    6. Gérard Charreaux, 1996. "Vers une théorie du gouvernement des entreprises," Working Papers CREGO 0960501, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
    7. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Mastruzzi, Massimo, 2010. "The worldwide governance indicators : methodology and analytical issues," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5430, The World Bank.
    8. Venkiteswaran N, 2000. "Corporate Governance for Shareholder Value," IIMA Working Papers WP2000-07-01, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
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