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Social Responsibility of the countries and their international trade : A gravitational approach

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Marie Cardebat

    ()

  • Alexandru Dimitrescu

    () (Larefi, Université Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

Cet article propose une étude économétrique dans le cadre d’un modèle gravitationnel du lien entre les conditions sociales prévalant dans un pays et ses exportations. Il s’appuie sur un indicateur original de conditions sociales : le Responsible Competitiveness Index (RCI) calculé en 2007 par l’organisation AccountAbility qui délivre la norme internationale AA1000. Les régressions montrent sans ambigüités une relation positive entre la responsabilité sociale des pays et leurs exportations. La relation n’est pas linéaire mais décrit une courbe en cloche : la relation est d’autant plus forte que le pays a un faible niveau de responsabilité sociale (pays du Sud), tandis qu’elle peut devenir négative pour les pays ayant un niveau élevé de responsabilité sociale (pays du Nord).

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marie Cardebat & Alexandru Dimitrescu, 2011. "Social Responsibility of the countries and their international trade : A gravitational approach," Larefi Working Papers 1102, Larefi, Université Bordeaux 4.
  • Handle: RePEc:laf:wpaper:cr1102
    as

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    File URL: http://lare-efi.u-bordeaux4.fr/IMG/pdf/CR11-EFI_02.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Busse, Matthias, 2002. "Do Labor Standards Affect Comparative Advantage in Developing Countries?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(11), pages 1921-1932, November.
    2. Rémi Bazillier & Nicolas Sirven, 2006. "Les normes fondamentales du travail contribuent-elles à réduire les inégalités ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 21(2), pages 111-146.
    3. Bazillier, Remi, 2008. "Core Labor Standards and Development: Impact on Long-Term Income," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 17-38, January.
    4. L. Josh Bivens & Adam S. Hersh & Christian E. Weller, 2005. "How Well Are We Measuring Workers’ Rights?," Review of Radical Political Economics, Union for Radical Political Economics, vol. 37(3), pages 302-310, September.
    5. Vivek H. Dehejia & Yiagadeesen Samy, 2007. "Trade and Labor Standards: A Review of the Theory and New Empirical Evidence," Carleton Economic Papers 07-12, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
    6. Drusilla Brown & Alan Deardorff & Robert Stern, 1998. "Trade and Labor Standards," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 171-194, April.
    7. Vivek Dehejia & Yiagadeesen Samy, 2004. "Trade and labour standards: theory and new empirical evidence," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 179-198.
    8. Elias Dinopoulos & Laixun Zhao, 2007. "Child Labor and Globalization," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25, pages 553-579.
    9. Harald Grossmann & Jochen Michaelis, 2007. "Trade Sanctions and the Incidence of Child Labor," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(1), pages 49-62, February.
    10. Jean-Marie Cardebat, 2006. "Commerce international et normes sociales. Table ronde," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 21(2), pages 27-54.
    11. Brown, Andrew G. & Stern, Robert M., 2008. "What are the issues in using trade agreements to improve international labor standards?," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(02), pages 331-357, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    commerce international ; normes fondamentales du travail ; responsabilité sociale.;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions

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