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A Dynamic Two Country Heckscher-Ohlin Model with Non-Homothetic Preferences

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  • Eric W. Bond

    () (Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University)

  • Kazumichi Iwasa

    () (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

  • Kazuo Nishimura

    () (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

Abstract

We examine the properties of a two country dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin model that allows for preferences to be non-homothetic. We show that the model has a continuum of steady state equilibria under free trade, with the initial conditions determining which equilibrium will be attained. We establish conditions under which a static Heckscher-Ohlin theorem will hold in the steady state, and also conditions for a dynamic H-O theorem to hold. If both goods are normal, each country will have a unique autarkic steady state, and all steady state equilibria are saddle points. We also consider the case in which one good is inferior, and show that this can lead to multiple autarkic steady states, violations of the static H-O theorem in the steady state. Furthermore, there may exist steady state equilibria that Pareto dominate other steady states. These steady states will be unstable if discount factors are the same in each country, although they may exhibit dynamic indeterminacy if discount factors differ.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric W. Bond & Kazumichi Iwasa & Kazuo Nishimura, 2009. "A Dynamic Two Country Heckscher-Ohlin Model with Non-Homothetic Preferences," KIER Working Papers 686, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:686
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Eric W. Bond & Kazumichi Iwasa & Kazuo Nishimura, 2012. "The dynamic Heckscher–Ohlin model: A diagrammatic analysis," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 8(2), pages 197-211, June.
    2. Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti & Trejos, Alberto, 2016. "Fracking, China and the Global Economy," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 777, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    3. Naoki Yoshihara & Soh Kaneko, 2015. "On the existence and characterization of unequal exchange in the free trade equilibrium," Working Papers SDES-2015-3, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Jan 2015.
    4. Kurose, Kazuhiro & Yoshihara, Naoki, 2016. "The Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson Model and the Cambridge Capital Controversies," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2016-05, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
    5. Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
    6. Sugata Marjit & Punarjit Roychowdhury, 2015. "Inequality and Trade: A Behavioral-Economics Perspective," Discussion Papers 2015-08, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    7. Partha Sen, 2013. "Unilateral Emission Cuts And Carbon Leakages In A North-South Trade Model," Working papers 232, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    two-country model; Heckscher-Ohlin; inferior good; multiple equilibria; indeterminacy;

    JEL classification:

    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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