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Education, Moral Hazard, and Endogenous Growth

Author

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  • Ngo Van Long

    (Department of Economics, McGill University, Canada)

  • Koji Shimomura

    (Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University, Japan)

Abstract

We build an overlapping generations model of endogenous growth driven by human capital formation. Young people differ in their innate abilities, but these differences are not known even by the individuals themselves when they are going through the process of education, so that there are no adverse selection problems. The probability of successful completion of schooling depends on both innate abilities and effort level. Moral hazard arises because effort is not observable. Successful students become skilled workers while unsuccessful ones become unskilled workers. A utilitarian government that cares about income distribution within each generation transfers income from the rich (skilled workers) to the poor (unskilled ones). This is anticipated by the young pupils and reduces incentive for hard work. This results in a lower rate of graduation, and has an adverse effect on the growth rate of human capital and output. Comparative statics results across balanced growth paths are derived. The parameters of interest are the students' rate of time preference, their degree of effort aversion and the relative price of the skill-intensive consumption good.

Suggested Citation

  • Ngo Van Long & Koji Shimomura, 1997. "Education, Moral Hazard, and Endogenous Growth," Discussion Paper Series 80, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University, revised Jan 1998.
  • Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:80
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kevin M. Murphy & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1991. "The Allocation of Talent: Implications for Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 503-530.
    2. Binh Tran-Nam & Công Truong & Pierre Tu, 1995. "Human capital and economic growth in an overlapping generations model," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 61(2), pages 147-173, June.
    3. Kemp, Murray C. & Van Long, Ngo, 1986. "Education, overlapping generations, and the existence of equilibrium," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 91-95.
    4. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rosemary Walker & Liviu Florea, 2014. "Easy-Come-Easy-Go: Moral Hazard in the Context of Return to Education," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 120(2), pages 201-217, March.
    2. Maitreesh Ghatak & Massimo Morelli & Tomas Sjöström, 2001. "Occupational Choice and Dynamic Incentives," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(4), pages 781-810.
    3. Plehn-Dujowich, Jose M., 2009. "Endogenous growth and adverse selection in entrepreneurship," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1419-1436, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education; Economic growth; Human resources;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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