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Winner-Take-All Contention of Innovation under Globalization: A Simulation Analysis and East Asia's Empirics

Author

Listed:
  • Ishido, Hikari
  • Okamoto, Yusuke

Abstract

This paper sets out to examine how innovation enhances export competitiveness: The proposition that export volume becomes enhanced as more productivity-enhancing innovation is captured by the exporting economy is the focus of this study. From a Schumpeterian perspective, innovation can be characterized by continuous creation and subsequent diffusion of newer technologies on the basis of the exporters' existing capital stock. Then we highlight the theoretical possibility that concentration of innovative activities in a small group of "winner" economies would lead to larger shares of "winner" economies' exports of innovation-active commodities than those commodities for which technology involved is already mature. The world's export data corroborates this theoretical prediction overall, and a focus upon East Asia has revealed the region's increasing resort to technology-intensive commodity sectors, which has presumably been enabled through attracting technology-bearing inward foreign direct investment. Considering the overall gains from innovation, acceleration of full "cycle" of innovation and imitation might be a desirable option.

Suggested Citation

  • Ishido, Hikari & Okamoto, Yusuke, 2006. "Winner-Take-All Contention of Innovation under Globalization: A Simulation Analysis and East Asia's Empirics," IDE Discussion Papers 53, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper53
    as

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    File URL: https://ir.ide.go.jp/?action=repository_action_common_download&item_id=38113&item_no=1&attribute_id=22&file_no=1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Diwan, Ishac & Rodrik, Dani, 1991. "Patents, appropriate technology, and North-South trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 27-47, February.
    2. Masanao Aoki, 2001. "Modeling Aggregate Behavior and Fluctuations in Economics: Stochastic Views of Interacting Agents," UCLA Economics Online Papers 142, UCLA Department of Economics.
    3. Fukao, Kyoji & Ishido, Hikari & Ito, Keiko, 2003. "Vertical intra-industry trade and foreign direct investment in East Asia," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 468-506, December.
    4. Masanao Aoki & Hiroshi Yoshikawa, 1999. "Demand Creation and Economic Growth," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-43, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Concentration and diffusion of innovation; Industrialization; Technological innovations; Globalization; International trade; International competition; Exports; East Asia; Southeast Asia; 工業化; 技術革新; グローバリゼーション; 貿易; 国際競争力; 輸出; 東アジア; 東南アジア;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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