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Zehn Jahre Hartz IV – Was hilft Langzeitarbeitslosen wirklich?

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  • Spermann, Alexander

    () (IZA)

Abstract

Seit mehreren Jahren stagniert die Zahl der Langzeitarbeitslosen in Deutschland bei etwa einer Million. Trotz hervorragender Arbeitsmarktlage liegt die Langzeitarbeitslosenquote weiter über dem OECD-Länderdurchschnitt. Das mit der Hartz IV-Reform des Jahres 2005 umgesetzte Prinzip des „Förderns und Forderns“ muss offensichtlich weiterentwickelt werden. Was ist zu tun, um Langzeitarbeitslosen wirklich zu helfen? In diesem Beitrag wird ein Fünf-Säulen-Konzept zur Prävention vor und zum Abbau von Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit und des Langzeitleistungsbezugs vorgeschlagen. Ein Teilelement dieses differenzierten Konzepts ist eine Aktivierungsstrategie mit Blick auf den ersten Arbeitsmarkt. Dabei sollen – kurzfristig durch eigene Aktivitäten erreichbare – Zwischenziele zwischen Fallmanagern und Langzeitarbeitslosen bzw. Langzeitleistungsbeziehern vereinbart werden. Dieser Aktivierungsansatz für Langzeitarbeitslose und Langzeitleistungsbezieher erfordert mehr und besser weitergebildete Case Manager in den Jobcentern sowie bundesweit verfügbare sozialintegrative Leistungen (Schuld-, Sucht- und psychosoziale Beratung).

Suggested Citation

  • Spermann, Alexander, 2014. "Zehn Jahre Hartz IV – Was hilft Langzeitarbeitslosen wirklich?," IZA Standpunkte 76, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp76
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Raddatz, Guido, 2015. "Mehr Arbeit wagen," Argumente zur Marktwirtschaft und Politik 129, Stiftung Marktwirtschaft / The Market Economy Foundation, Berlin.
    2. repec:wfo:wstudy:58760 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sozialer Arbeitsmarkt; Aktivierung; Trainingsprogramme; Deutschland; Langzeithil febezug; angzeitarbeitslosigkeit;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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