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Time Preferences and Lifetime Outcomes

Author

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  • Golsteyn, Bart H.H.

    (Maastricht University)

  • Grönqvist, Hans

    (Uppsala University)

  • Lindahl, Lena

    (SOFI, Stockholm University)

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between time preferences and lifetime social and economic behavior. We use a Swedish longitudinal dataset that links information from a large survey on children's time preferences at age 13 to administrative registers spanning over five decades. Our results indicate a substantial adverse relationship between high discount rates and school performance, health, labor supply, and lifetime income. Males and high ability children gain significantly more from being future-oriented. These discrepancies are largest regarding outcomes later in life. We also show that the relationship between time preferences and long-run outcomes operates through early human capital investments.

Suggested Citation

  • Golsteyn, Bart H.H. & Grönqvist, Hans & Lindahl, Lena, 2013. "Time Preferences and Lifetime Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 7165, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7165
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    Cited by:

    1. De Paola, Maria & Scoppa, Vincenzo, 2015. "Procrastination, academic success and the effectiveness of a remedial program," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 217-236.
    2. Schildberg-Hörisch, Hannah & Deckers, Thomas & Falk, Armin & Kosse, Fabian, 2014. "How Does Socio-Economic Status Shape a Child's Personality?," VfS Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100285, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Figlio, D. & Karbownik, K. & Salvanes, K.G., 2016. "Education Research and Administrative Data," Handbook of the Economics of Education,, Elsevier.
    4. Sule Alan & Teodora Boneva & Seda Ertac, 2019. "Ever Failed, Try Again, Succeed Better: Results from a Randomized Educational Intervention on Grit," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 134(3), pages 1121-1162.
    5. Lergetporer, Philipp & Sutter, Matthias & Angerer, Silvia & Glätzle-Rützler, Daniela, 2014. "The effects of language on children's intertemporal choices," VfS Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100350, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Hernán Bejarano & Hillard Kaplan & Stephen Rassenti, 2014. "Effects of Retirement and Lifetime Earnings Profile on Health Investment," Working Papers 14-21, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
    7. Akerlund, David & Golsteyn, Bart H.H. & Grönqvist, Hans & Lindahl, Lena, 2014. "Time Preferences and Criminal Behavior," IZA Discussion Papers 8168, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    income; preference parameter; personality; intertemporal choice; human capital; health;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General

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