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Europe Agreements and Trade Balance: Evidence form Four New EU Members


  • Caporale, Guglielmo Maria

    () (Brunel University)

  • Rault, Christophe

    () (University of Orléans)

  • Sova, Robert

    () (CREST & University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Sova, Anamaria

    () (E.B.R.C. Bucharest)


This paper analyses the trade balance effects of Europe agreements (EA) between the EU-15 and four new EU members from Central and Eastern Europe (CEEC-4) using both static and dynamic panel data approaches. Specifically, the system Generalized Method of Moments (GMM, Blundell and Bond, 1998) and recently developed econometric methods such as the Correlated Common Estimation Pooled - Hausman-Taylor (CCEPHT, Serlenga and Shin, 2007) are applied to analyse the effects of the agreement variable. Our estimation results indicate a positive and significant impact of EA on trade flows. However, there is an asymmetric impact of the agreement variable on the trade balance, exports and imports being affected in different ways, which results in a trade balance deficit in the CEEC-4.

Suggested Citation

  • Caporale, Guglielmo Maria & Rault, Christophe & Sova, Robert & Sova, Anamaria, 2011. "Europe Agreements and Trade Balance: Evidence form Four New EU Members," IZA Discussion Papers 5683, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5683

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Luis A. Gil-Alana & Natalia Luqui & Juncal Cunado, 2008. "Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Unit Roots, Co-integration and Long Memory in the US and the UK," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 37(1), pages 59-74, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dimitrios Asteriou & Argiro Moudatsou, 2015. "Business Cycle Synchronization in the Enlarged EU: The Role of Bilateral Trade and FDI," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(1), pages 196-207, February.
    2. Kurtovic, Safet & Halili, Blerim & Maxhuni, Nehat, 2016. "Liberalization of Trade with Leading Trade Partners: Some Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina," MPRA Paper 75053, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 04 Nov 2016.

    More about this item


    regionalisation; trade flows; trade balance; panel data methods;

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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