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Identifying Functional Labour Market Areas in New Zealand: A Reconnaissance Study Using Travel-to-Work Data

Author

Listed:
  • Papps, Kerry L.

    () (University of Bath)

  • Newell, James O.

    (Monitoring and Evaluation Research Associates Ltd, Wellington)

Abstract

To date, analysis of the spatial dimension of New Zealand labour markets has been limited to administrative, rather than appropriately-defined functional, geographic units. This paper presents a preliminary classification of New Zealand into local labour market areas using area unit travel-to-work data from the 1991 Census of Population and Dwellings and drawing on the regionalisation method of Coombes et al. (1986). After assessing the robustness of the preferred set of local labour market areas, the paper provides some illustrative labour market statistics for these zones. Migration between labour market areas is most likely to be accompanied by changes in job, whereas moves within a labour market are largely assumed to be non-work motivated. As a result, this study provides a more appropriate spatial unit of analysis than any administrative classification for studying migration at a subnational level.

Suggested Citation

  • Papps, Kerry L. & Newell, James O., 2002. "Identifying Functional Labour Market Areas in New Zealand: A Reconnaissance Study Using Travel-to-Work Data," IZA Discussion Papers 443, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp443
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Crampton, Graham R., 1999. "Urban labour markets," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics,in: P. C. Cheshire & E. S. Mills (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 39, pages 1499-1557 Elsevier.
    2. Daniel Felsenstein, 1994. "Large High-technology Firms and the Spatial Extension of Metropolitan Labour Markets: Some Evidence from Israel," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 31(6), pages 867-893, June.
    3. J Baumann & M M Fischer & U Schubert, 1988. "A Choice-Theoretical Labour-Market Model: Empirical Tests at the Mesolevel," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 20(8), pages 1085-1102, August.
    4. Fischer, Manfred M., 1980. "Regional taxonomy : A comparison of some hierarchic and non-hierarchic strategies," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 503-537, November.
    5. I Masser & P J B Brown, 1975. "Hierarchical aggregation procedures for interaction data," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 7(5), pages 509-523, May.
    6. J. M. Casado-Diaz, 2000. "Local Labour Market Areas in Spain: A Case Study," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(9), pages 843-856.
    7. David C Maré & Wai Kin Choy, 2001. "Regional Labour Market Adjustment and the Movements of People: A Review," Treasury Working Paper Series 01/08, New Zealand Treasury.
    8. Topel, Robert H, 1986. "Local Labor Markets," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 111-143, June.
    9. I Masser & P J B Brown, 1975. "Hierarchical Aggregation Procedures for Interaction Data," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 7(5), pages 509-523, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Geographic labour mobility; regional migration; regional labour markets;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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