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Italian Families in the 21st Century: Gender Gaps in Time Use and Their Evolution

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  • Barigozzi, Francesca

    (University of Bologna)

  • Di Timoteo, Cesare

    (Glovo)

  • Monfardini, Chiara

    (University of Bologna)

Abstract

We estimate gender gaps in the allocation of time by Italian adults and their trends over the years 2002-2014. We disentangle time use in weekdays and weekend days and analyse separately full-time working parents with young children, representing the subsample more mindful of gender parity. In the complete sample, the positive gap (females-males) in time devoted to Household work and the negative gap in Market work and Leisure have narrowed, while the positive gap in time devoted to Child care (Basic and Quality time together) remained constant. In 2014, family duties still appear heavily unbalanced. In the subsample, full-time working mothers devote to total work (paid and unpaid) 13 hours per week more and to Leisure 11 hours per week less than their partners. On the positive side, the gender gap in Quality child care exhibits a reversed sign, which is driven by fathers' engagement in weekend days.

Suggested Citation

  • Barigozzi, Francesca & Di Timoteo, Cesare & Monfardini, Chiara, 2020. "Italian Families in the 21st Century: Gender Gaps in Time Use and Their Evolution," IZA Discussion Papers 13348, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13348
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mangiavacchi, Lucia & Piccoli, Luca & Pieroni, Luca, 2021. "Fathers matter: Intrahousehold responsibilities and children's wellbeing during the COVID-19 lockdown in Italy," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 42(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    child care; gender gaps; time use; household work;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household

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