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Gender Roles and the Division of Unpaid Work in Spanish Households

  • Almudena Sevilla-Sanz
  • Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal
  • Cristina Fernandez

This paper examines the role of the doing-gender hypothesis versus traditional models of the household in explaining how the woman's share of home labor varies with relative earnings. The findings, using the 2002-3 Spanish Time Use Survey (STUS; Spanish Statistical Office 2003), support the doing-gender hypothesis in the case of housework: a woman's relative share of housework fails to decrease with her relative earnings beyond the point where her earnings are the same as her husband's. In contrast, a woman's share of childcare time displays a flat pattern over the distribution of her spouse's relative earnings. This last result is neither consistent with traditional theories of the household, nor with the doing-gender hypothesis. It can, however, still be interpreted in light of social norms, whereby women specialize in this type of caring activity regardless of their relative productivity or bargaining power.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Feminist Economics.

Volume (Year): 16 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 137-184

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Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:16:y:2010:i:4:p:137-184
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