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Export as a form of SME-internationalisation after the crisis – experiences of three European regions

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  • Andrea Éltető

    () (Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

Abstract

European small and medium-sized enterprises were severely hit by the international crisis of 2008 and export activity – as a form of internationalisation - was an important component of the recovery. This paper concentrates on the post-crisis period of the Iberian, Baltic and Visegrád countries. As for born global firms have spread and these countries are strongly involved in global production networks, the theory of international new ventures and the network approach can especially be appropriate for them. The significance of SMEs in employment, value added and export and their pace of recovery is different in the three regions. Apart from the structural rearrangements in exporting enterprises, the geographical direction of exports has also changed temporarily towards non-EU markets after the crisis. Based on existing enterprise surveys the second part of the article focuses on the export enhancing and hindering factors in the post-crisis period. Overall, product features and manager attitude proved to be the most important in export competitiveness. Lack of finance and contacts, strong foreign competition and high market entry costs are the leading export barriers for SMEs.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Éltető, 2017. "Export as a form of SME-internationalisation after the crisis – experiences of three European regions," IWE Working Papers 228, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies- Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:iwe:workpr:228
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Leonidas C Leonidou & Constatine S Katsikeas, 1996. "The Export Development Process: An Integrative Review of Empirical Models," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 27(3), pages 517-551, September.
    2. repec:nms:joeems:jeems-2015-03-danik is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Lucian, Cernat & Ana, Norman-López & Ana, Duch T-Figueras, 2014. "SMEs are more important than you think! Challenges and opportunities for EU exporting SMEs," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2014-3, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
    4. Coviello, Nicole & Munro, Hugh, 1997. "Network relationships and the internationalisation process of small software firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 361-386, August.
    5. David Pollard & Maria Jemicz, 2010. "Social Capital Theory and the internationalisation process of Czech SMEs," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(3/4), pages 210-229.
    6. repec:krk:eberjl:v:3:y:2015:i:2:p:105-123 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. José Pinho & Lurdes Martins, 2010. "Exporting barriers: Insights from Portuguese small- and medium-sized exporters and non-exporters," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 254-272, September.
    8. Lidia Danik & Izabela Kowalik & Petr Král, 2016. "A Comparative Analysis of Polish and Czech International New Ventures," Central European Business Review, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2016(2), pages 57-73.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    SMEs; export; export barriers;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General

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